William A. Kuperman

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[1] Since it has already been demonstrated that point-topoint seismic propagation Green Functions can be extracted from seismic noise, it should be possible to image Earth structure using the ambient noise field. Seismic noise data from 148 broadband seismic stations in Southern California were used to extract the surface wave arrival-times between all(More)
It has been experimentally demonstrated that the Green's function between two points could be recovered using the cross-correlation function of the ambient noise measured at these two points. This paper investigates the theory behind this result in the simple case of a homogeneous medium with attenuation.
An experiment conducted in the Mediterranean Sea in April 1996 demonstrated that a time-reversal mirror ~or phase conjugate array! can be implemented to spatially and temporally refocus an incident acoustic field back to its origin. The experiment utilized a vertical source–receiver array ~SRA! spanning 77 m of a 125-m water column with 20 sources and(More)
[1] It has been demonstrated experimentally and theoretically that an estimate of the Green’s function between two seismic stations can be obtained from the time-derivative of the long-time average cross correlation of ambient noise between these two stations. This TDGF estimate from just the noise field includes all tensor components of the Green’s(More)
In July 1999, an at-sea experiment to measure the focus of a 3.5-kHz centered time-reversal mirror (TRM) was conducted in three different environments: an absorptive bottom, a reflective bottom, and a sloping bottom. The experiment included a preliminary exploration of using a TRM to generate binary-phase shift keying communication sequences in each of(More)
We use crosscorrelations of seismic noise data from 151 stations in southern California to extract the group velocities of surface waves between the station pairs for the purpose of determining the surface-wave velocity structure. We developed an automated procedure for estimating the Green’s functions and subsequent tomographic inversion from the 11,325(More)
Coherent deterministic arrival times can be extracted from the derivative of the time-averaged ambient noise cross-correlation function between two receivers. These coherent arrival times are related to those of the time-domain Green's function between these two receivers and have been observed experimentally in various environments and frequency range of(More)
A time reversal mirror exploits spatial diversity to achieve spatial and temporal focusing, a useful property for communications in an environment with significant multipath. Taking advantage of spatial diversity involves using a number of receivers distributed in space. This paper presents the impact of spatial diversity in passive time reversal(More)
Adaptive matched-field processing (MFP) is not only very sensitive to mismatch, but also requires the received sound levels to exceed a threshold signal-to-noise ratio. Furthermore, acoustic sources and interferers have to move slowly enough across resolution cells so that a full rank cross-spectral density matrix can be constructed. Coherent-broadband MFP(More)
Matched-field processing (MFP) and global inversion techniques have been applied to vocalizations from four whales recorded on a 48-element tilted vertical array off the Channel Islands in 1996. Global inversions from selected whale calls using as few as eight elements extracted information about the surrounding ocean bottom composition, array shape, and(More)