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To dissect the effects of the nucleotide-binding and catalytic metal ions on DNA polymerase mechanisms for DNA repair and synthesis, aside from the chemical reaction, we investigate their roles in the conformational transitions between closed and open states and assembly/disassembly of the active site of polymerase beta/DNA complexes before and after the(More)
The mammalian family X DNA polymerases (DNA polymerases beta, lambda, mu, and TdT) contribute to base excision repair and double-strand break repair by virtue of their ability to fill short gaps in DNA. Structural information now exists for all four of these enzymes, making this the first mammalian polymerase family whose structural portrait is complete.(More)
In the crystal structure of a substrate complex, the side chains of residues Asn279, Tyr271, and Arg283 of DNA polymerase beta are within hydrogen bonding distance to the bases of the incoming deoxynucleoside 5'-triphosphate (dNTP), the terminal primer nucleotide, and the templating nucleotide, respectively (Pelletier, H., Sawaya, M. R., Kumar, A., Wilson,(More)
Structures of DNA polymerases bound with DNA reveal that the 5'-trajectory of the template strand is dramatically altered as it exits the polymerase active site. This distortion provides the polymerase access to the nascent base pair to interrogate proper Watson-Crick geometry. Upon binding a correct deoxynucleoside triphosphate, alpha-helix N of DNA(More)
DNA polymerase (pol) β is a model polymerase involved in gap-filling DNA synthesis utilizing two metals to facilitate nucleotidyl transfer. Previous structural studies have trapped catalytic intermediates by utilizing substrate analogs (dideoxy-terminated primer or nonhydrolysable incoming nucleotide). To identify additional intermediates during catalysis,(More)
The large-scale opening motion of mammalian DNA polymerase beta is followed at atomic resolution by dynamic simulations that link crystal "closed" and "open" conformations. The closing/opening conformational change is thought to be key to the ability of polymerases to choose a correct nucleotide (through "induced fit") and hence maintain DNA repair(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of DNA polymerase (pol) beta complexed with different incorrect incoming nucleotides (G x G, G x T, and T x T template base x incoming nucleotide combinations) at the template-primer terminus are analyzed to delineate structure-function relationships for aberrant base pairs in a polymerase active site. Comparisons, made to pol(More)
Nanosecond dynamics simulations for DNA polymerase beta (pol beta)/DNA complexes with three mismatched base-pairs, namely GG, CA, or CC (primer/template) at the DNA polymerase active site, are performed to investigate the mechanism of polymerase opening and how the mispairs may affect the DNA extension step; these trajectories are compared to the behavior(More)
The major product of oxidative base damage is 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanine (8odG). The coding potential of this lesion is modulated by its glycosidic torsion angle that controls whether its Watson-Crick or Hoogsteen edge is used for base pairing. The 2.0-A structure of DNA polymerase (pol) beta bound with 8odGTP opposite template adenine indicates that(More)
To link conformational transitions noted for DNA polymerases with kinetic results describing catalytic efficiency and fidelity, we investigate the role of key DNA polymerase beta residues on subdomain motion through simulations of five single-residue mutants: Arg-283-Ala, Tyr-271-Ala, Asp-276-Val, Arg-258-Lys, and Arg-258-Ala. Since a movement toward a(More)