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Secreted aspartyl proteinases (Saps), encoded by a gene family with at least nine members (SAP1 to SAP9), are one of the most discussed virulence factors produced by the human pathogen Candida albicans. In order to study the role of each Sap isoenzyme in pathogenicity, we have constructed strains which harbor mutations at selected SAP genes. SAP1, SAP2, and(More)
We report the identification and characterization of a novel 124-kDa Ran binding protein, RanBP5. This protein is related to importin-beta, the key mediator of nuclear localization signal (NLS)-dependent nuclear transport. RanBP5 was identified by two independent methods: it was isolated from HeLa cells by using its interaction with RanGTP in an overlay(More)
U. maydis is a fungal pathogen of corn with two forms: one is yeast-like and nonpathogenic; the other is filamentous and pathogenic. The b locus, with 25 different alleles, regulates this dimorphism: any combination of two different alleles triggers pathogenic development, whereas the presence of identical alleles results in the yeast-like form. We have(More)
We have cloned a bovine cDNA encoding the trans-Golgi network (TGN) protease furin and expressed it via recombinant vaccinia viruses to investigate intracellular maturation. Pulse-chase labeling reveals that the 104-kD pro-furin bearing high mannose N-glycans is rapidly processed into the 98-kD protease whose N-glycans remain sensitive to endoglycosidase H(More)
A class of Paramecium behavioral mutants called pantophobiacs have a deficiency in calcium-dependent potassium efflux, and this deficiency can be corrected by the microinjection of wild-type Paramecium calmodulin (Hinrichsen, R. D., Burgess-Cassler, A., Soltvelt, B. C., Hennessey, T., and Kung, C. (1986) Science 232, 503-506). As a starting point in(More)
Certain genes of Nectria haematococca, a fingal pathogen of pea (Pisum sativum), encode pisatin demethylase (pda), a cytochrome P-450 monoxygenase that detoxifies the phytoalexin pisatin. Because pda is required by N.haematococca for pathogenicity on pea, pisatin helps defend pea against N. haematococca. The possibility that pisatin is a general defense(More)
The eukaryotic subtilisin-like endoprotease furin is found predominantly in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and cycles between this compartment, the cell surface, and the endosomes. There is experimental evidence for endocytosis from the plasma membrane and transport from endosomes to the TGN, but direct exit from the TGN to endosomes via clathrin-coated(More)
The salient features of this model for oncornavirus assembly are that uncleaved precursor molecules to the internal virus polypeptides possess specific recognition sites both for viral envelope constituents already inserted in the cell membrane and for the viral RNA. After orderly alignment of these components at the budding site, virus maturation proceeds(More)