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In vitro incubation studies were carried out to determine if various carbohydrase preparations contained appropriate activities to target nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) of wheat, soybean meal (SBM), canola meal, and peas. Triplicate samples (0.1 g) were incubated with a number of carbohydrase preparations (i.e., cellulase, pectinase, xylanase, glucanase,(More)
A 2 x 2 x 2 factorial experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of fat type (beef tallow [50 g/kg diet] or canola oil [50 g/kg of diet]), carbohydrase addition (none or carbohydrases [0.4 g/kg diet]), and lipase addition (none or lipase [0.2 g/kg of diet]) on growth performance and nutrient utilization of male broilers fed a wheat-based diet from 5(More)
In light of evidence supporting a need for humans to increase their dietary folate intakes, experiments were conducted to evaluate the extent to which egg folate levels could be increased. In Study 1, Hyline W36 hens (n = 6/diet) received a barley-based diet, containing 0 or 10 mg/kg of crystalline folic acid, to establish the potential for folate(More)
Despite the large number of studies examining the impact of cage systems on Ca and P nutrition, data are limited on the N balance of hens when housed under different systems. To this end, an experiment was conducted to assess N balance, manure characteristics, and indices of the performance of laying hens housed in 2 distinct caging systems. A total of(More)
1. Experiments were conducted to study the effects of dietary vicine (2, 6-diamino-4, 5 dihydroxy pyrimidine-5 (beta-D-glucopyranoside)) and supplemental vitamin E on the performance of laying hens and growing chicks, haemolysis of erythrocytes than birds fed on a control diet. 3. Vicine when fed to laying hens had a very dramatic effect. It depressed food(More)
Ileal digestibility of amino acids (AA) in dry-extruded expelled soybean meal (DESBM), co-extruded canola seed-pea blend (ECSP, 50:50 wt/wt basis), poultry by-product meal (PBPM), and feather meal (FM) were determined in broiler chicks. For each ingredient, 5 samples each collected on different occasions were evaluated. Birds (n = 180 for each sample) were(More)
An in vitro incubation study was carried out to determine whether various carbohydrase preparations contained appropriate activities to target nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) of full-fat flaxseed. Enzyme preparations C (cellulase, 340 U/g), XG (xylanase, 63,600 U/g and glucanase, 48,300 U/g), P (pectinase, 10,000 U/g), and MC (mannanase, 10,900 U/g and(More)
A previous study demonstrated that a log equation could be used to predict the relationship between the amount of a crude enzyme added to a diet and chick performance. The objective of the current study was to determine if a modification of the original equation, in conjunction with a computer program, would overcome some of its limitations. The modified(More)
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of micronization (infrared heat treatment), dehulling, or enzyme supplementation on the nutritive value of three cultivars (Impala, Radley, and Sirius) of peas in laying hens. In Experiment 1, 280 White Leghorn hens were fed diets containing micronized and dehulled peas for a period of 12 wk. The(More)