Willi A. Kalender

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PURPOSE To determine conversion factors for the new International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) publication 103 recommendations for adult and pediatric patients and to compare the effective doses derived from Monte Carlo calculations with those derived from dose-length product (DLP) for different body regions and computed tomographic (CT)(More)
The lack of standardization in bone mineral measurements of the lumbar spine and other skeletal sites is generally recognized as an important and unresolved issue. We report and discuss efforts at standardization and cross-calibration of DXA and QCT equipment. We have designed and tested a geometrically defined, semi-anthropomorphic phantom, the European(More)
BACKGROUND Multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) with retrospectively ECG-gated image reconstruction permits coronary artery visualization. We investigated the method's ability to identify high-grade coronary artery stenoses and occlusions. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 64 consecutive patients were studied by MSCT (4x1 mm cross-sections, 500-ms(More)
Dose values in CT are specified by the manufacturers for all CT systems and operating conditions in phantoms. It is not trivial, however, to derive dose values in patients from this information. Therefore, we have developed a PC-based program which calculates organ dose and effective dose values for arbitrary scan parameters and anatomical ranges. Values(More)
A technique to reduce metallic implant artifacts on computed tomography scans is presented. The implant boundaries are determined semiautomatically; the missing projection data are replaced by linear interpolation. The complete procedure requires 1-2 minutes per scan. Images with greatly improved quality were obtained in the presence of surgical clips and(More)
Spiral CT is a new volume acquisition mode in x-ray computed tomography (CT) which was introduced in 1989. Anatomical ranges are scanned in continuous fashion in typically 20-60s, images can be reconstructed in arbitrarily fine increments at any desired position within the scanned volume. We will illustrate the basic principles of scanning and image(More)
OBJECTIVE Although multidetector CT (MDCT) with retrospectively ECG-gated image reconstruction has been shown to permit noninvasive visualization of the coronary arteries, the 125-250 msec required for image acquisition frequently causes motion artifacts. We investigated the influence of a patient's heart rate on the presence of motion artifacts and on(More)
In this study we analysed the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) measurements in assessing cortical bone. We determined the dependency of thickness and density measurements on the true width and density of the cortex and on the spatial resolution in the CT images using two optimized segmentation methods. As a secondary goal, we assessed the ability of CT(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The viability of both brain parenchyma and vascular anatomy is important in estimating the risk and potential benefit of revascularization in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. We tested the hypothesis that when used in conjunction with IV contrast, FD-CT imaging would provide both anatomic and physiologic information that would(More)