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Dogs from dairy farms with a known prevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in the cattle were examined for the presence of N. caninum antibodies using an ELISA. Data of farm dogs were compared with those of dogs examined at a university clinic, which originated mainly in urban areas. Of the 152 farm dogs, 36 (23.6%) were seropositive to N. caninum, which(More)
A study was done of the descendants of cows from 4 dairy herds in which there had been N. caninum abortion outbreaks. Precolostral antibodies to N. caninum were demonstrated in 34 of 50 (68%) F1 calves and in 14 of 17 (82%) F2 calves from cows that aborted during the outbreaks. In 214 F1 progeny, N. caninum seroprevalence was nearly 50%, and there was a(More)
Eighty bovine fetuses with confirmed neosporosis were used to score lesion severity and presence of parasites in brain, heart, and liver. A comparison was made between epizootic and sporadic abortion cases. The possible influence of fetal age was also investigated. Histologic lesions of multifocal encephalitis, myocarditis, and periportal hepatitis with or(More)
Various existing serological tests were compared with a standard panel of 523 sera in a multicentred study across Europe. Well characterised sera from animals that were experimentally or naturally infected with Neospora caninum as well as sera from cattle deemed uninfected with N. caninum were provided by the participants of the study and analysed in(More)
Explosive abortion outbreaks in 4 Dutch dairy herds during 1992 to 1994 are reported. In 50 of 51 fetuses submitted during the first 3 wk of the outbreaks characteristic histological lesions compatible for infection with Neospora caninum were seen. Diagnosis of infection was confirmed by immunohistochemistry in 40 fetuses (78%). No evidence for other(More)
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. One of the largest reported outbreaks of Q fever in humans occurred in the Netherlands starting in 2007; epidemiologic investigations identified small ruminants as the source. To determine the genetic background of C. burnetii in domestic ruminants responsible for the human Q fever outbreak,(More)
Abortion storms in 50 dairy herds in The Netherlands were reported in which there was a strong association with Neospora caninum-infection. The duration of the abortion storms ranged from 6 to 65 d (mean 41.5 d). The cumulative proportion of aborting cows ranged from 0.11 to 0.57 (mean 0.26) of the animals at risk. An apparent seasonal influence was noted(More)
The performance of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for detection of antibodies to Neospora caninum in bovine sera was evaluated by using various categories of sera. Two commercial ELISA methods, one based on chemically fixed intact tachyzoites and one based on a sonicate lysate of whole tachyzoites, were compared with an in-house ELISA(More)
Ninety-six of 108 randomly selected Dutch dairy herds had one or more cows with a positive serostatus for N. caninum. In these 96 herds, we have quantified the probabilities of vertical transmission (VT) and horizontal transmission (HT) of N. caninum infection by combining serostatus and pedigree data in 4091 dam-daughter pairs. The probability of animals(More)