Willem Wouda

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Dogs from dairy farms with a known prevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in the cattle were examined for the presence of N. caninum antibodies using an ELISA. Data of farm dogs were compared with those of dogs examined at a university clinic, which originated mainly in urban areas. Of the 152 farm dogs, 36 (23.6%) were seropositive to N. caninum, which(More)
The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is a major pathogen of cattle and dogs, being a significant cause of abortion in cattle in many countries. It is one of the most efficiently transmitted parasites, with up to 90% of cattle infected in some herds. The pathogenesis of abortion due to Neospora is complex and only partially understood. Losses occur after(More)
Herd, within-herd and animal prevalences for Neospora caninum in beef and dairy cattle were compared between four countries. In randomly selected herds from regions of Germany, The Netherlands, Spain and Sweden that were representative for the cattle production of these countries, all animals > or = 2 years were examined serologically by enzyme-linked(More)
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. One of the largest reported outbreaks of Q fever in humans occurred in the Netherlands starting in 2007; epidemiologic investigations identified small ruminants as the source. To determine the genetic background of C. burnetii in domestic ruminants responsible for the human Q fever outbreak,(More)
Various existing serological tests were compared with a standard panel of 523 sera in a multicentred study across Europe. Well characterised sera from animals that were experimentally or naturally infected with Neospora caninum as well as sera from cattle deemed uninfected with N. caninum were provided by the participants of the study and analysed in(More)
Eighty bovine fetuses with confirmed neosporosis were used to score lesion severity and presence of parasites in brain, heart, and liver. A comparison was made between epizootic and sporadic abortion cases. The possible influence of fetal age was also investigated. Histologic lesions of multifocal encephalitis, myocarditis, and periportal hepatitis with or(More)
A study was done of the descendants of cows from 4 dairy herds in which there had been N. caninum abortion outbreaks. Precolostral antibodies to N. caninum were demonstrated in 34 of 50 (68%) F1 calves and in 14 of 17 (82%) F2 calves from cows that aborted during the outbreaks. In 214 F1 progeny, N. caninum seroprevalence was nearly 50%, and there was a(More)
We quantified the effect of Neospora caninum (NC)-serostatus on culling and (re)production in 83 herds randomly selected from the Dutch dairy herd population (random group) and in 17 herds that had experienced an abortion epidemic associated with NC infection (epidemic-abortion group). In the random group, a single whole-herd blood sampling was done during(More)
Three ELISAs for the detection of antibodies against Neospora caninum in bulk milk were evaluated in 162 Dutch dairy herds. The first ELISA was the Dutch Animal Health Service (AHS) in-house ELISA, developed from the routine in-house serum ELISA. The other two ELISAs were commercial milk ELISAs from IDEXX and LSI. Blood samples of all lactating cows in 162(More)
A 2 to 1 matched case control study design was used to analyze herd level risk factors for Neospora caninum-associated abortion storms in 47 dairy herds. Data were obtained using a questionnaire regarding the state of affairs at the farms over the 2 years prior to the abortion storm. The questionnaire included 120 variables considered to be potential risk(More)