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Since the demonstration that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) interacts with different (sub)types of membrane receptors, several compounds have been proposed as potent and selective ligands for one of these 5-HT subtypes. Unfortunately, specific and highly selective ligands (selectivity ratios greater than or equal to 1000) for the majority of 5-HT(More)
An overview is presented on progress made in research on 5-HT1A receptors and their ligands since their discovery in 1983. Molecular biology has offered new tools, for example cloned 5-HT1A receptors, their mutants and chimeras to study structure and function. Many compounds, belonging to different chemical classes, display high affinity and selectivity for(More)
Structure-affinity relationship (SAR) studies for 5-HT1A receptor site are presented for two series of heterobicyclic phenylpiperazines with N4-alkyl substituents: 4-alkyl derivatives of 1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-5-yl)piperazine (3) and 1-(benzo[b]furan-7-yl)piperazine (4). The linear and branched hydrocarbon chain derivatives up to n-decyl were(More)
Allosteric modulation of G protein-coupled receptors has recently been recognized as an alternative approach to gain selectivity in drug action. In this overview, allosteric modulators that enhance or diminish the effects of (endogenous) agonists or antagonists on a variety of G protein-coupled receptors are described. Emphasis is placed on the latest(More)
The present paper reviews the evidence for anxiolytic activity of 5-HT(3) receptor antagonists in animal models of anxiety and in clinical trials in humans. Compared to the established anxiolytics (benzodiazepine receptor agonists and, to a lesser extent, 5-HT(1A) receptor agonists) 5-HT(3) receptor antagonists display a different anxiolytic profile. They(More)