Willem Renooij

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterised by chronic intestinal inflammation, resulting from dysregulation of the mucosal immune system and compromised intestinal epithelial barrier function. The bile salt, nuclear farnesoid X receptor (FXR), was recently implicated in intestinal antibacterial defence and barrier function. The aim(More)
Blocks of porous ceramic hydroxyapatite (dimensions, 2.5 X 1.25 X 0.5 cm; sintering temperature, 1300 degrees; macroporosity, 56%; average pore size 0.18 mm2) were implanted into surgically created defects in dog femora. The implants were retrieved up to 3.5 years after implantation. The implants were 3.5 years after implantation. The implants were firmly(More)
Intestinal permeability and the effect of NSAIDs on permeability were investigated in 14 irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and 15 healthy subjects. In the study, 24-h urinary recoveries of orally administered polyethylene glycols (PEGs 400, 1500, and 4000) were not significantly different in healthy subjects and IBS patients before or after NSAID(More)
Bacterial translocation (BT) is suspected to play a major role in the development of infections in surgical patients. However, the clinical association between intestinal barrier dysfunction, BT, and septic morbidity has remained unconfirmed. The objective of this study was to study BT in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery and the effects of(More)
The unique alkyl phospholipid, 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, has been reported to exhibit powerful antihypertensive activity (Blank, M.L., Snyder, F., Byers, L.W., Brooks, B. and Muirhead, E.E. (1979) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 90, 1194-1200) and appears to be an extremely potent platelet-activating factor (Demopoulos, C.A., Pinckard,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relation between intestinal barrier dysfunction, bacterial translocation, and clinical outcome in patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis and the influence of probiotics on these processes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial on probiotic prophylaxis (Ecologic 641) in patients(More)
Although the gut is often considered the motor of sepsis, the relation between systemic inflammation and intestinal permeability in humans is not clear. We analyzed intestinal permeability during experimental endotoxemia in humans. Before and during experimental endotoxemia (Escherichia coli LPS, 2 ng/kg), using polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a permeability(More)
BACKGROUND   Cirrhotic patients are at considerable risk for bacterial infections, possibly through increased intestinal permeability and bacterial overgrowth. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase infection risk. We aimed to explore the potential association between PPI use and bacterial infection risk in cirrhotic patients and potential underlying(More)
To validate a recent proposal that a phospholipid lining with a high content of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine may protect gastric mucosa against luminal acid, it was decided to study composition and metabolism of phospholipids in the gastric mucosa. Phospholipids were analyzed in rat, human, and dog gastric mucosal surface tissue and in a(More)