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OBJECTIVE Obstetric brachial plexus lesions may cause lifelong limitations of upper limb function. Nerve repair is widely advocated in infants who do not show spontaneous recovery. Typically, the suprascapular nerve (SSN) is involved in the lesion. Neurotization of the SSN routinely is performed, aiming at reinnervation of the infraspinatus muscle to(More)
Neonatal brachial plexus palsies may cause lifelong limitations to function of the upper limb. Early nerve reconstructive surgery may be indicated in selected cases. An overview is given of our current understanding of this type of nerve lesion in the developing child. The neuropathology of the injury is presented to provide a background for the(More)
Strong scientific validation for nerve reconstructive surgery in infants with Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsy is lacking, as no randomized trial comparing surgical reconstruction versus conservative treatment has been performed. A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies that compare nerve reconstruction to conservative(More)
Obstetric brachial plexus lesions (OBPLs) are typically caused by traction to the brachial plexus during labor. The incidence of OBPL is about 2 per 1000 births. Most commonly, the C5 and C6 spinal nerves are affected. The prognosis is generally considered to be good, but the percentage of children who have residual deficits may be as high as 20% to 30%.(More)
  • W Pondaag
  • 1979
In 46 head-injured patients coagulation studies were performed immediately after admission. In 76% of all cases signs of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) were found. DIC was related to the severity of the injury and outcome. It is suggested that DIC may be used as an important parameter in assessing craniocerebral trauma. In a previous report it(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the value of computed tomographic (CT) myelography in the detection of root damage and differentiation of root avulsions from neurotmesis in a large cohort of patients with an obstetric brachial plexus lesion (OBPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained. Informed consent was waived by the medical(More)
OBJECT Infants with obstetric brachial plexus lesions (OBPLs) commonly undergo surgical repair. Outcome data have been documented extensively for shoulder and biceps function, but information on hand function following nerve repair is limited. Hand function is impaired in approximately 15% of patients. The authors present a surgical strategy aimed primarily(More)
Nerve root decompression with instrumented fusion is currently most commonly performed in the treatment of patients with spondylolytic spondylolisthesis. The relationship between successful fusion and clinical outcome remains controversial, thereby questioning the necessity of fusion. Nerve root decompression without fusion, i.e. Gill’s procedure, might be(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the nature and extent of neurosurgically treated obstetric plexus lesions with obstetric and neonatal precedents. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTING Leiden, the Netherlands. POPULATION A 9-year cohort of infants (n = 206) neurosurgically treated for obstetric brachial plexus lesion at a(More)