Willem P A Kelders

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PURPOSE In the past few decades, the automobile has become an increasingly more popular means of transport, which has led to an increasing number of rear-end collisions and consequently has resulted in more patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). Recently, it was found that the gain of one of the ocular stabilization reflexes-the cervico-ocular(More)
Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are a major problem in the Western world, which put a formidable financial burden on modern society and which evoke an emerging debate on the true nature of their origin. To date there is no generally accepted test that allows us to diagnose WAD objectively. Because whiplash injury causes dysfunction of proprioception in(More)
The cervico-ocular reflex (COR) is an ocular stabilization reflex that is elicited by rotation of the neck. It works in conjunction with the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and the optokinetic reflex (OKR) in order to prevent visual slip over the retina due to self-motion. The gains of the VOR and OKR are known to decrease with age. We have investigated(More)
The cervico-ocular reflex (COR) works in conjunction with the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and the optokinetic reflex (OKR) in order to prevent visual slip over the retina during head movement. The COR induces eye movements in response to proprioceptive signals from the neck. We investigated whether the COR gain can be adapted by inducing a mismatch(More)
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