Willem J. Remme

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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Aldosterone is important in the pathophysiology of heart failure. In a doubleblind study, we enrolled 1663 patients who had severe heart failure and a left ventricular ejection fraction of no more than 35 percent and who were being treated with an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, a loop diuretic, and in most cases digoxin. A(More)
Authors/Task Force Members: Karl Swedberg, Chairperson,* Göteborg (Sweden) Writing Committee: John Cleland, Hull (UK), Henry Dargie, Glasgow (UK), Helmut Drexler, Hannover (Germany), Ferenc Follath, Zurich (Switzerland), Michel Komajda, Paris (France), Luigi Tavazzi, Pavia (Italy), Otto A. Smiseth, Oslo (Norway). Other Contributors: Antonello Gavazzi,(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone blockade reduces mortality and morbidity among patients with severe heart failure. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of eplerenone, a selective aldosterone blocker, on morbidity and mortality among patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular dysfunction and heart(More)
BACKGROUND Beta blockers reduce mortality in patients who have chronic heart failure, systolic dysfunction, and are on background treatment with diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. We aimed to compare the effects of carvedilol and metoprolol on clinical outcome. METHODS In a multicentre, double-blind, and randomised parallel group(More)
The aim of this report is to provide practical guidelines for the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of heart failure for use in clinical practice and in addition for epidemiological surveys and for clinical trials. The recommendations in these guidelines should always be considered in the light of local regulatory requirements for the administration of(More)
AIMS Anaemia is a common comorbidity in chronic heart failure (CHF). The predictors of new onset anaemia (NOA) and its long-term prognostic value, particularly in patients treated with beta-blockers, are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS In COMET, 3029 patients with CHF in NYHA II-IV and EF <35% were randomized to carvedilol or metoprolol tartrate and were(More)
The importance of aldosterone in the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure (HF) has been established in previous studies [1–4] and is emphasized by the findings of the RALES trial [5]. In this study, aldosterone blockade with spironolactone resulted in a 30% reduction in total mortality and a 35% reduction in hospitalizations for HF in patients with(More)
Background. ACE inhibition reduces morbidity and mortality among a variety of patients. Among mechanisms explaining these beneficial effects are the effects on the sympathetic system and on local vasodilating substances such as nitric oxide and bradykinins at the level of the endothelium. The PERFECT study was designed to verify the above mentioned(More)
Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) provides a non-invasive index of autonomic nervous system activity. HRV has been shown to be reduced in heart failure. Preliminary data indicate that beta blockers improve clinical status in patients with heart failure, but HRV improvement remains to be demonstrated. Fifty-four patients from the randomized(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activation and the de novo production of angiotensin II contribute to cardiovascular disease through direct pathological tissue effects, including vascular remodeling and inflammation, as well as indirect action on nitric oxide bioavailability and its consequences. The endothelium plays a pivotal role in both vascular(More)