Willem Frans M. Arts

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An identical syndrome of cerebral leukoencephalopathy and megalencephaly with infantile onset was discovered in 8 children, including 2 siblings. Neurological findings were initially normal or near normal, despite megalencephaly and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of severe white matter affection. Slowly progressive ataxia and spasticity(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the evolution of epileptic seizures and EEG features in a large group of patients with Angelman syndrome (AS). METHODS Thirty-six patients with AS with a proven chromosome 15q11-13 deletion were retrospectively analyzed with regard to their epilepsy and EEG findings by examination of patient files and EEGs. AIJ EEGs were reviewed by(More)
PURPOSE To study the course and outcome of childhood-onset epilepsy during 15-year follow-up (FU). METHODS We extended FU in 413 of 494 children with new-onset epilepsy recruited in a previously described prospective hospital-based study by questionnaire. RESULTS Mean FU was 14.8 years (range 11.6-17.5 years). Five-year terminal remission (TR) was(More)
PURPOSE To examine which variables available early in the course of childhood epilepsy are associated with a poor short-term outcome and to develop models to predict such an outcome. METHODS We prospectively followed up 466 children with newly diagnosed epilepsy for 2 years. Variables were collected at intake and after 6 months. Outcome was defined as the(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term follow-up studies of patients with epilepsy have revealed an increased mortality risk compared with the general population. Mortality of children who have epilepsy in modern times is as yet unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine mortality of children who have epilepsy in comparison with the general population.(More)
School functioning of 86 Dutch neurofibromatosis type 1 children (7-17 years) using teacher questionnaires was analyzed to determine the impact of neurofibromatosis type 1 on school performance. In all, 75% of the neurofibromatosis type 1 children performed more than 1 standard deviation below grade peers in at least one of the domains of spelling,(More)
Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) (MIM 118700) is an autosomal dominant movement disorder. The early onset of symptoms (usually before the age of 5 years) and the observation that in some BHC families the symptoms tend to decrease in adulthood suggests that the disorder results from a developmental disturbance of the brain. In contrast to Huntington disease(More)
The efficacy of a combination of midazolam and phenytoin in treating generalized convulsive status epilepticus in children was studied retrospectively. The patient group comprised all patients admitted for generalized convulsive status epilepticus to the pediatric intensive care unit over 7 years. Patients treated according to the protocol were included (N(More)
Knowing the prognosis of epilepsy will undoubtedly influence the treatment strategy. This study aimed to define the prospects of newly diagnosed childhood epilepsy, assess the dynamics of its course, identify relevant variables and develop models to assess the individual prognosis. Four hundred and fifty-three children with newly diagnosed epilepsy were(More)
Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetases (PRSs) catalyze the first step of nucleotide synthesis. Nucleotides are central to cell function, being the building blocks of nucleic acids and serving as cofactors in cellular signaling and metabolism. With this in mind, it is remarkable that mutations in phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1), which is(More)