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The mammalian epidermal growth factor (EGF) is expressed in the developing and adult CNS, and it has been implicated in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation, and neurotrophic events. Despite extensive evolutionary conservation of the EGF motif in a range of different types of proteins, secreted EGF homologs with neurotrophic actions have not(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides structural support to cells and tissues and is involved in the regulation of various essential physiological processes, including neurite outgrowth. Most of the adhesive interactions between cells and ECM proteins are mediated by integrins. Integrins typically recognize short linear amino acid sequences in ECM(More)
The freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L. stagnalis) has served as a successful model for studies in the field of Neuroscience. However, a serious drawback in the molecular analysis of the nervous system of L. stagnalis has been the lack of large-scale genomic or neuronal transcriptome information, thereby limiting the use of this unique model. In this(More)
Cognitive impairment associated with subtle changes in neuron and neuronal network function rather than widespread neuron death is a feature of the normal aging process in humans and animals. Despite its broad evolutionary conservation, the etiology of this aging process is not well understood. However, recent evidence suggests the existence of a link(More)
A 13.1-kilodalton protein, cysteine-rich neurotrophic factor (CRNF), was purified from the mollusk Lymnaea stagnalis by use of a binding assay on the p75 neurotrophin receptor. CRNF bound to p75 with nanomolar affinity but was not similar in sequence to neurotrophins or any other known gene product. CRNF messenger RNA expression was highest in adult foot(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family are frequently implicated in the injury response of the mammalian nervous system. Although this implication is supported by extensive molecular evidence, it is not underpinned by conclusive functional data. Recently, we found that expression of an EGF homolog from the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L-EGF)(More)
Age-dependent impairment in learning and memory functions occurs in many animal species, including humans. Although cell death contributes to age-related cognitive impairment in pathological forms of aging, learning and memory deficiencies develop with age even without substantial cell death. The molecular and cellular basis of this biological aging process(More)
In many mating systems female reproductive capacity is a limiting resource over which males will compete. As a consequence, males and females have usually different fitness optimization strategies which may give rise to sexual conflict. Since simultaneous hermaphrodites have, in theory, the option to mate as male or as female at any time, conflict will(More)
The high oxygen consumption and post-mitotic nature of the central nervous system (CNS) makes it particularly susceptible to oxidative stress, the impact of which is widely regarded as a root cause of functional impairment of the aging brain in vertebrates and invertebrates alike. Using an invertebrate model system we demonstrate that the lipid soluble(More)
This study investigated the role of experience in recovery of pulmonary respiration during axonal regeneration in Lymnaea stagnalis. Pulmonary respiration occurs when snails break the water surface and open the lung orifice, the pneumostome. It was shown that axotomy of all the axons innervating the pneumostome and surrounding area prevents the occurrence(More)