Willem Birkhoff

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AIM The objective of this study was to investigate whether the pharmacokinetics of orally administered levofloxacin show 24 h variation. Levofloxacin was used as a model compound for solubility and permeability independent absorption and passive renal elimination. METHODS In this single centre, crossover, open label study, 12 healthy subjects received an(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the feasibility of a new quantitative method for microvascular function: non-invasive retinal function imaging (RFI). in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients and healthy controls and have it benchmarked against Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI) measurements. METHODS The variability of Microvascular measurements was assessed in 8(More)
Colistin (polymyxin E) binds to the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria, leading to osmotic destruction of the cell. Since its introduction in 1959, colistin has been little used parenterally due to a high incidence of reversible nephrotoxicity and, to a lesser extent, neurotoxicity. Colistin use remained limited to combating Pseudomonas aeruginosa in(More)
Exosomes are vesicles released following fusion of endosomes with the plasma membrane. Urine contains exosomes that are released from the entire length of the nephron and change in composition with kidney disease. Exosomes can shuttle information between non-renal cells via transfer of protein and RNA. In this study murine kidney collecting duct (mCCDC11)(More)
Understanding the factors influencing a drug's potential to prolong the QTc interval on an electrocardiogram is essential for the correct evaluation of its safety profile. To explore the effect of dosing time on drug-induced QTc prolongation, a randomized, crossover, clinical trial was conducted in which 12 healthy male subjects received levofloxacin at(More)
Colistin (polymyxin E) is a positively charged deca-peptide antibiotic that disrupts the integrity of the outer membrane of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria by binding to the lipid A moiety of lipopolysaccharides, resulting in cell death. The endotoxic activity of lipopolysaccharides is simultaneously inhibited. Colistin is increasingly being(More)
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