Willem B. de Vries

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a useful biomarker in evaluating the course of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and the effectiveness of treatment. STUDY DESIGN Prospective follow-up study of infants with clinical and echocardiographic signs of PPHN, who were treated with inhaled nitric(More)
Glucocorticoid treatment in preterm babies to prevent chronic lung disease causes myocardial hypertrophy and increased myocardial protein content. Although these changes are thought to be transient, there is evidence that dexamethasone (DEX) induces permanent myocardial abnormalities as well. We investigated whether a therapeutic course of neonatal DEX in(More)
Dexamethasone (Dex), for prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infants, showed potential negative long-term effects. Studies regarding long-term cardiovascular effects are lacking. We investigated possible histopathological myocardial changes after neonatal Dex in the young and adult rat heart. Rats were treated with Dex on d 1, 2, and 3 (0.5, 0.3,(More)
Neonatal glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in prematurely born babies. In the 1990s, treatment regimens with relatively high doses of dexamethasone (DEX) were common. As an alternative, hydrocortisone (HC) was used. Earlier, we compared long-term effects of both GCs in children aged 7-10 and detected adverse(More)
The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) is widely used in preterm infants for the prevention of chronic lung disease. However, major concern has arisen about the long-term sequelae of this therapy. Here we report that neonatal treatment with dexamethasone significantly shortens the lifespan by 25% of male rats (28.6 +/- 1.1 to 21.3 +/- 0.8 mo) and by 18% of(More)
Melanocortins, peptides related to corticotropin (ACTH) and melanocyte-stimulating hormone, are known to exert beneficial neurotrophic effects in peripheral sensorimotor neuropathies. This has been demonstrated after both systemic and local administration of the peptides. By photographing the rat's pupil under standardized conditions, the authors have(More)
Cardiac biomarkers are used to identify cardiac disease in term and preterm infants. This review discusses the roles of natriuretic peptides and cardiac troponins. Natriuretic peptide levels are elevated during atrial strain (atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)) or ventricular strain (B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)). These markers correspond well with(More)
While the regenerating capacity of peripheral nerves has been the subject of intensive study, little is known about the regenerative capacity of the autonomic nervous system. Using an animal model, where the pupil diameter of the eye in the rat serves as a parameter of autonomic function, we studied whether systemic treatment with the neuropeptide Org 2766,(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, concern has been raised that corticosteroid treatment of preterm neonates might be associated with adverse effects later in life, including early development of hypertension. Here, we investigate the impact of neonatal dexamethasone (Dex) treatment on early renal cell proliferation and nephron number. We analyzed mitotic activity in(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether antenatal or neonatal glucocorticoid therapy to reduce the incidence and severity of chronic lung disease in preterm infants is associated with long-term adverse cardiac effects and hypertension. DESIGN Retrospective matched-cohort study. SETTING Outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS One hundred(More)