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Point mutations in the presenilin-1 gene (PS1) are a major cause of familial Alzheimer's disease. They result in a selective increase in the production of the amyloidogenic peptide amyloid-beta(1-42) by proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Here we investigate whether PS1 is also involved in normal APP processing in neuronal(More)
Recent research has identified some key players involved in the proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to amyloid beta-peptide, the principal component of the amyloid plaques in Alzheimer patients. Interesting parallels exists with the proteolysis of other proteins involved in cell differentiation, cholesterol homeostasis and stress(More)
Mutations in the homologous presenilin 1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) genes cause the most common and aggressive form of familial Alzheimer's disease. Although PS1 function and dysfunction have been extensively studied, little is known about the function of PS2 in vivo. To delineate the relationships of PS2 and PS1 activities and whether PS2 mutations(More)
Signalling through the receptor protein Notch, which is involved in crucial cell-fate decisions during development, requires ligand-induced cleavage of Notch. This cleavage occurs within the predicted transmembrane domain, releasing the Notch intracellular domain (NICD), and is reminiscent of gamma-secretase-mediated cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor(More)
The gamma-secretase cleavage is the last step in the generation of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) from the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The Abeta precipitates in the amyloid plaques in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. The fate of the intracellular APP carboxy-terminal stub generated together with Abeta has been, in contrast, only poorly(More)
The amyloid peptide is the main constituent of the amyloid plaques in brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. This peptide is generated from the amyloid precursor protein by two consecutive cleavages. Cleavage at the N terminus is performed by the recently discovered beta-secretase (Bace). This aspartyl protease contains a propeptide that has to be removed(More)
Urea-based beta-amyloid (Abeta) SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblots were used to analyze the generation of Abeta peptides in conditioned medium from primary mouse neurons and a neuroglioma cell line, as well as in human cerebrospinal fluid. A comparable and highly conserved pattern of Abeta peptides, namely, 1-40/42 and(More)
Mis-sense mutations of presenilin 1 increase the release of amyloidogenic peptide from amyloid precursor protein (APP) and are a major cause of familial Alzheimer's Disease. Loss-of-function mutations of presenilins in the mouse, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila result in severe developmental defects caused by disturbed Notch signalling. Recent studies(More)