Learn More
Dichlorvos [2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate] is one of the most common in-use organophosphate (OP) in developing nations. Previous studies from our lab have shown chronic Dichlorvos exposure leads to neuronal cell death in rats. However, the extent of damage caused by Dichlorvos to other cells of the central nervous system (CNS) is still not clear.(More)
Aluminum phosphide (AlP), a widely used fumigant and rodenticide leads to high mortality if ingested. Its toxicity is due to phosphine liberated when it comes in contact with moisture. The exact mechanism of action of phosphine is not known. In this study male Wistar rats were used. The animals received a single dose (20mg AlP/kg body weight i.g.) orally.(More)
Aluminum is a light weight and toxic metal present ubiquitously on earth, which has gained considerable attention due to its neurotoxic effects. It also has been linked ecologically and epidemiologically to several neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Guamanian-Parkinsonian complex and Amyotrophic lateral(More)
The present investigation was carried out to elucidate a possible molecular mechanism related to the effects of aluminium-induced oxidative stress on various mitochondrial respiratory complex subunits with special emphasis on the role of Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma co-activator 1α (PGC-1α) and its downstream targets i.e. Nuclear(More)
The etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is multifactorial involving both genetic and environmental factors. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene plays a pivotal role in risk and age of onset of AD. Although it is broadly accepted that ApoE genotype is linked to the pathogenesis of AD, there are still controversial results regarding the association of ApoE levels(More)
In this study, we investigated the protective effect of chronic quercetin (a natural flavanoid) administration against Al-induced cognitive impairments, oxidative damage, and cholinergic dysfunction in male Wistar rats. Al lactate (10 mg/kg b.wt./day) was administered intragastrically to rats which were pre-treated with quercetin (10 mg/kg b.wt./day,(More)
Dichlorvos is a synthetic insecticide that belongs to the family of chemically related organophosphate (OP) pesticides. It can be released into the environment as a major degradation product of other OPs, such as trichlorfon, naled, and metrifonate. Dichlorvos exerts its toxic effects in humans and animals by inhibiting neural acetylcholinesterase. Chronic(More)
The two hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques. Neurofibrillary tangles are formed due to the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein. There is an urgent need to develop a reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of AD. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is surrounding the brain and reflects the major neuropathological features(More)
One of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the deposition of the ~4 kDa amyloid β protein (Aβ) within lesions known as senile plaques. Aβ is also deposited in the walls of cerebral blood vessels in many cases of AD. A substantial proportion of the Aβ that accumulates in the AD brain is deposited as Amyloid, which is highly insoluble,(More)
The objective of this study was to elucidate an association between Apo- Eε4 allele and CSF biomarkers Aβ42 and tau for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) patients. Aβ42 and tau protein concentrations in CSF were measured by using ELISA assays. The levels of Aβ42 were found to be decreased where as tau levels increased in AD patients. Moreover in AD(More)