Willard W. Peveler

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Research on gender differences in ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) has been equivocal with few studies comparing exercise modes and differentiated RPE. The current study examined gender differences in overall and differentiated RPE at the respiratory compensation threshold (RCT) during cycling and treadmill exercise. Each minute during a maximal(More)
In cycling, saddle height adjustment is critical for optimal performance and injury prevention. A 25-35° knee angle is recommended for injury prevention, whereas 109% of inseam, measured from floor to ischium, is recommended for optimal performance. Previous research has demonstrated that these 2 methods produce significantly different saddle heights and(More)
Research has demonstrated that properly adjusting saddle height is important for both performance and injury prevention during cycling. Peer-reviewed literature recommends the use of a 25 degrees to 35 degrees knee angle for injury prevention and 109% of inseam for optimal performance. Previous research has established that these 2 methods do not produce(More)
This study compared respiratory compensation thresholds (RCT) (V̇CO2 inflection point) of competitors in highly aerobic events (aerobic competitors, ARC) (n=16), competitors in highly anaerobic events (anaerobic competitors, ANC) (n=15), and untrained subjects (UT) (n=25). Maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max), respiratory compensation threshold as a(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined physiological responses during 0% and 10% inclined treadmill exercise at prescribed ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) using the perceptual estimation-production paradigm. METHODS RPE's were estimated during a Bruce treadmill test to volitional exhaustion. Subjects then produced individually prescribed RPE's (associated(More)
In competitive cycling, setting the proper saddle height is important for both performance and injury prevention. This is also true for ergometer use in a laboratory. The cycling literature recommends using a 25 to 35 degrees knee angle to set saddle height for injury prevention and recommends using 109% of inseam length for optimal performance. Prior(More)
Saddle height is one of the most researched areas of bike fit. The current accepted method for adjusting saddle height involves the use of a goniometer to adjust saddle height so that a knee angle between 25° and 35° is obtained. This measurement is taken while the cyclist maintains a static position with the pedal at the 6-o'-clock position. However, the(More)
Manufacturers of supplements containing magnesium lactate dihydrate and calcium lactate monohydrate claim improved athletic performance. Although energy can be produced through the lactate shuttle system, there is limited evidence to suggest that substantial quantities are available for human movement during exercise. The purpose of this study was to(More)
During time trials cyclists start individually with a uniform time gap between riders. With the exception of the first and last cyclists all riders will chase riders ahead and be chased from behind. The purpose of this study was to determine if cycling in a lead or chase position would influence 20-km time trial performance. Eight male cyclists performed(More)
The amount of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) stored in the muscle available for immediate use is limited, and once used, must be resynthesized in the muscle. Ribose, a naturally occurring pentose sugar, helps resynthesize ATP for use in muscles. There have been claims that ribose supplements increase ATP levels and improve performance. Other studies have(More)