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The effect of magnesium-free medium on the electrical activity in CA3 of the rat hippocampal slice was examined. Magnesium removal resulted in the development of spontaneous and triggered interictal-like bursting, followed by spontaneous ictal-like events and finally periodic clustered bursts. The ictal-like events consisted of a tonic firing phase and a(More)
In an electrographic model of seizures in the hippocampal slice, both of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid and 5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) prevented the progressive development of seizures but did not block previously induced seizures. Thus, a process dependent on(More)
Using intense magnetic pressure, a method was developed to launch flyer plates to velocities in excess of 20 km/s. This technique was used to perform plate-impact, shock wave experiments on cryogenic liquid deuterium ( L-D(2)) to examine its high-pressure equation of state. Using an impedance matching method, Hugoniot measurements were obtained in the(More)
The population genetic consequences of nearest-neighbor pollination in an outcrossing plant species were investigated through computer simulations. The genetic system consisted of two alleles at a single locus in a self-incompatible plant that mates by random pollen transfer from a neighboring individual. Beginning with a random distribution of genotypes,(More)
Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis were asked to complete a questionnaire to define further the nature of uremic pruritus. Of the 237 respondents, 87 (37%) reported "prolonged bothersome itchiness" at the time surveyed, and an additional 97 (41%), not affected at that time, had experienced this problem in the past. Of the 184 patients who reported(More)
An immobilized sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) probe system consisting of 16 SSO probes that detect sequence polymorphisms within five regions of the mtDNA control region was used to investigate the frequency of heteroplasmy in human mtDNA. Five regions of hypervariable region II (HVII) of the control region were studied in blood-, muscle-, heart-,(More)
Recently, we have reported that the exposure of hippocampal slices in vitro to artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) containing no added magnesium results in ictal-like (ictaform) activity in area CA3 of the hippocampal formation. Other reports describe such activity in slices of entorhinal cortex (EC) under similar conditions. Because of the close(More)
The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in producing stimulus train-induced bursting (STIB) was examined in area CA3 of the rat hippocampus. Extracellular recordings were made from the CA3 pyramidal cell layer. Bursting was induced by trains of electrical stimuli delivered to the stratum radiatum of CA3, or by bath application of NMDA. The(More)
A major concern in epilepsy research is the relationship between ictal (seizure) electrophysiological activity and interictal (between seizure) activity. Much research is carried out in vitro using brain slice models. Although they allow detailed electrophysiology, the events recorded are generally more similar to interictal than ictal activity. We have(More)