Willa Friedman

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This paper studies the political and social impacts of increased education by utilizing a randomized girls' merit scholarship programme in Kenya that raised test scores and secondary schooling. Consistent with the view that education empowers the disadvantaged to challenge authority, we find that the programme reduced the acceptance of domestic violence and(More)
Social norms and legal institutions often create common property rights in natural resources, limiting private investment. A randomized evaluation in Kenya suggests that infrastructure investments can reduce fecal contamination by 66% at naturally occurring springs and 24% in spring users’ home water supply, cutting child diarrhea by one quarter. While(More)
The rapid expansion in access to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in sub-Saharan Africa from under 10,000 in 2000 to more than 8 million in 2011 has been enormous. Anticipating the impact of this expansion and future policy options requires identification of the impacts of access on individual behaviors that determine the course of the epidemic. This paper(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the effects of information, a challenge, and a conditional cash transfer on take-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). DESIGN A randomized, controlled experiment with 4000 postcard recipients in Soweto (Johannesburg), South Africa. METHODS We examined differences in take-up of several decisions in the VMMC cascade(More)
Early-onset neonatal sepsis with group B streptococci is a major problem in the management of high-risk obstetrics. Intrapartum treatment of the colonized mother reduces neonatal acquisition; however, many high-risk patients are delivered before culture results are available. This study prospectively evaluated a new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the(More)
Oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc are the recommended treatment in developing countries for the management of uncomplicated diarrhoea in children under five (World Health Organization and UNICEF 2004). However, drug sellers often recommend costly and unnecessary treatments instead. This article reports findings from an experiment to encourage(More)
  • Giulia La Mattina, Jorge Aguero, +16 authors Marijke Verpoorten
  • 2014
This paper examines the long-term impact of civil conflict on intimate partner violence and women’s decision-making power using post-genocide data from Rwanda. Household survey data collected 11 years after the genocide indicate that women who became married after the genocide experienced significantly increased intimate partner violence and decreased(More)
African agricultural markets are characterized by low revenues for farmers and high food prices for consumers. There has long been concern that this wedge is partially driven by imperfect competition among intermediaries. This paper provides experimental evidence from Kenya on intermediary market structure. Experimentally elicited parameters governing cost(More)
Adult Antiretroviral Therapy and Child Health: Evidence from Scale-up in Zambia By ADRIENNE M. LUCAS AND NICHOLAS L. WILSON Draft: January 14, 2013 Abstract: One in five Zambian children lives with an HIV/AIDS-infected adult. We estimate the effect that the availability of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) has on the health of such children. Using a triple(More)