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The source and dynamics of persistent HIV-1 during long-term combinational antiretroviral therapy (cART) are critical to understanding the barriers to curing HIV-1 infection. To address this issue, we isolated and genetically characterized HIV-1 DNA from naïve and memory T cells from peripheral blood and gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) from eight(More)
For Riemannian manifolds with a measure (M, g, edvolg) we prove mean curvature and volume comparison results when the Bakry-Emery Ricci tensor is bounded from below and f is bounded or ∂rf is bounded from below, generalizing the classical ones (i.e. when f is constant). As application we extend many results for Ricci curvature lower bound to BakryEmery(More)
The contribution of flavoprotein fluorescence to redox sensitive cellular autofluorescence was studied in single isolated adult rat heart cells. Fluorescence was measured quantitatively under conditions stimulating flavoprotein fluorescence in cells subjected to no inhibitors (sham), to cyanide, to 2,4-dinitrophenol, and to hypoxia. It was found that(More)
For smooth metric measure spaces the Bakry-Emery Ricci tensor is a natural generalization of the classical Ricci tensor. It occurs naturally in the study of diffusion processes, Ricci flow, the Sobolev inequality, and conformal geometry. Recent developments show that many topological and geometric results for Ricci curvature can be extended to the(More)