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Thirty-two gilts were used to evaluate the effects of increased dietary energy and CP during late gestation on mammary development. On d 75 of gestation, gilts were assigned randomly in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement to adequate (5.76 Mcal ME/d) or increased (10.5 Mcal ME/d) energy and adequate (216 g CP/d) or increased (330 g CP/d) protein. On d 105 of(More)
Bacterial flagellins are potent inducers of innate immune responses in the mouse lung because they bind to TLR5 expressed on the apical surfaces of airway epithelial cells. TLR engagement leads to the initiation of a signaling cascade that results in a pro-inflammatory response with subsequent up-regulation of several cytokines and leads to adaptive immune(More)
To investigate the relationship between feeding level during gestation and voluntary feed intake, feeding behavior, and plasma metabolite levels during lactation, 18 crossbred, primiparous sows were assigned to two dietary treatments. From d 60 of gestation until farrowing, sows were fed either a standard level of feed (SL; 1.85 kg/d) or were allowed ad(More)
A total of 400 barrows from Dekalb EB and 83 terminal sires mated to 43 and 45 maternal lines were used to evaluate the effects of dietary ractopamine (RAC; Paylean, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) concentrations (0, 5, 10, or 20 ppm; as-fed basis) and feeding durations (6 to 34 d) on growth, efficiency, carcass, and meat quality characteristics of(More)
Barrows and gilts (n = 100 per gender) were used to determine the effects of an increasing, decreasing, or constant ractopamine (RAC) dietary concentration on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Pigs, within a gender, were assigned randomly to pens (five pigs per pen and 10 pens per treatment). Pens were assigned randomly to one of four dietary(More)
Mixed-parity sows (n = 267) from five research stations were used to investigate whether a reduction of excess dietary amino acids would improve feed intake and performance of lactating sows experiencing heat stress. Experimental treatments included effects of room temperature (warm or hot) and diet (adequate protein [AP] or low protein [LP]). The(More)
The objectives of this experiment were 1) to determine whether allowing sows ad libitum access to feed from d 60 of gestation affects glucose tolerance and 2) to determine whether exogenous insulin increases feed intake by preventing mobilization of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA). Sixty crossbred sows were assigned to one of two feeding regimens during(More)
Twenty-two primiparous Yorkshire sows were used to determine whether a minimal threshold of body fat exists below which the return to estrus is delayed. A second objective was to examine the relationship between body fat and interval from weaning to estrus in restricted-fed sows. During lactation (28 d), sows received 7, 9, 11 or 13 Mcal of ME daily to(More)
To determine the effect of low protein intake on boar libido, semen characteristics, and plasma hormone concentrations, 20 crossbred boars (1 yr of age) were divided into 10 littermate pairs, and boars from within pairs were fed 44 g/kg of BW.75 per day of either a low-protein diet (7% CP) or a control diet (16% CP) with the same energy content (3.41 Mcal(More)
To determine the effect of energy and protein intakes on boar libido, semen characteristics, and plasma hormone concentrations, 24 crossbred boars (1 yr of age) were allotted to one of three dietary treatments. Two protein levels (7.7 and 18.1 g/d of lysine) and two energy levels (6.1 and 7.7 Mcal/d of ME) were combined to create 1) low-energy and(More)