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The problem of identifying a planted assignment given a random k-SAT formula consistent with the assignment exhibits a large algorithmic gap: while the planted solution can always be identified given a formula with O(n log n) clauses, there are distributions over clauses for which the best known efficient algorithms require n<sup>k/2</sup> clauses. We… (More)

For every \epsilon > 0, and integer q >= 3, we show that given an N-vertex graph that has an induced q-colorable sub graph of size (1-\epsilon)N, it is NP-hard to find an independent set of size N/q^2.

We study an Achlioptas-process version of the random k-SAT process: a bounded number of k-clauses are drawn uniformly at random at each step, and exactly one added to the growing formula according to a particular rule. We prove the existence of a rule that shifts the satisfiability threshold. This extends a well-studied area of probabilistic combinatorics… (More)

The Erd˝ os-Rényi process begins with an empty graph on n vertices, with edges added randomly one at a time to the graph. A classical result of Erd˝ os and Rényi states that the Erd˝ os-Rényi process undergoes a phase transition, which takes place when the number of edges reaches n/2 (we say at time 1) and a giant component emerges. Since this sem-inal work… (More)

1 We consider a bipartite stochastic block model on vertex sets V 1 and V 2 , with planted partitions in each, and ask at what densities efficient algorithms can recover the partition of the smaller vertex set. When |V 2 | |V 1 |, multiple thresholds emerge. We first locate a sharp threshold for detection of the partition, in the sense of the results of… (More)

According to physics predictions, the free energy of random factor graph models that satisfy a certain " static replica symmetry " condition can be calculated via the Belief Propagation message passing scheme [20]. Here we prove this conjecture for a wide class of random factor graph models. Specifically, we show that the messages constructed just as in the… (More)

We present an algorithm for recovering planted solutions in two well-known models , the stochastic block model and planted constraint satisfaction problems (CSP), via a common generalization in terms of random bipartite graphs. Our algorithm matches up to a constant factor the best-known bounds for the number of edges (or constraints) needed for perfect… (More)

We consider the Widom-Rowlinson model of two types of interacting particles on d-regular graphs. We prove a tight upper bound on the occupancy fraction: the expected fraction of vertices occupied by a particle under a random configuration from the model. The upper bound is achieved uniquely by unions of complete graphs on d + 1 vertices, K d+1 's. As a… (More)

Vindicating a sophisticated but non-rigorous physics approach called the cavity method, we establish a formula for the mutual information in statistical inference problems induced by random graphs. This general result implies the conjecture on the information-theoretic threshold in the disassortative sto-chastic block model [Decelle et al.: Phys. Rev. E… (More)