Wilhelm van Bronswijk

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 In situ Raman spectroscopy, in combination with energy dispersive spectroscopy, has been used for the first time to determine the identities and locations, at the micron level, of mineral phases present in single chiton teeth that have been extensively mineralized. At the later stages of development the major lateral teeth of the chiton Acanthopleura(More)
The hydrated iron(III) oxide limonite is reported for the first time as a biomineral. In situ laser Raman spectra of the tooth cores from major lateral teeth of the chiton Plaxiphora albida are compared with those of synthetic and mineral iron phosphates and iron oxides. Raman spectra measured on iron phosphate and iron oxide standard materials are shown(More)
Raman spectroscopy has been used to demonstrate, for the first time, that calcium mineralization in the core of the major lateral teeth of the chiton Acanthopleura echinata takes place as an ordered process, with crystalline carbonated apatite being the first mineral deposited. Deposition begins at the top of the tooth core, under the so-called tab region,(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether the use of different washing procedures could explain dissident findings in published studies examining the role of urinary macromolecules in urolithiasis. Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals were deposited from or added to the same sieved urine, washed with copious or limited amounts of distilled water,(More)
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