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HYPOTHESIS A previously developed image-guided robot system can safely drill a tunnel from the lateral mastoid surface, through the facial recess, to the middle ear, as a viable alternative to conventional mastoidectomy for cochlear electrode insertion. BACKGROUND Direct cochlear access (DCA) provides a minimally invasive tunnel from the lateral surface(More)
Bonebridge™ (BB) implantation relies on optimal anchoring of the bone-conduction implant in the temporal bone. Preoperative position planning has to account for the available bone thickness minimizing unwanted interference with underlying anatomical structures. This study describes the first clinical experience with a planning method based on topographic(More)
INTRODUCTION The Rondo is a single-unit cochlear implant (CI) audio processor comprising the identical components as its behind-the-ear predecessor, the Opus 2. An interchange of the Opus 2 with the Rondo leads to a shift of the microphone position toward the back of the head. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the Rondo wearing position on(More)
The aim of direct cochlear access (DCA) is to replace the standard mastoidectomy with a small diameter tunnel from the lateral bone surface to the cochlea for electrode array insertion. In contrast to previous attempts, the approach described in this work not only achieves an unprecedented high accuracy, but also contains several safety sub-systems. This(More)
Delivering cochlear implants through a minimally invasive tunnel (1.8 mm in diameter) from the mastoid surface to the inner ear is referred to as direct cochlear access (DCA). Based on cone beam as well as micro-computed tomography imaging, this in vitro study evaluates the feasibility and efficacy of manual cochlear electrode array insertions via DCA.(More)
HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the feasibility and the results of insertion of two types of electrode arrays in a robotically assisted surgical approach. BACKGROUND Recent publications demonstrated that robot-assisted surgery allows the implantation of free-fitting electrode arrays through a cochleostomy drilled via a narrow bony tunnel (DCA). We investigated if(More)
A major component of minimally invasive cochlear implantation is atraumatic scala tympani (ST) placement of the electrode array. This work reports on a semiautomatic planning paradigm that uses anatomical landmarks and cochlear surface models for cochleostomy target and insertion trajectory computation. The method was validated in a human whole head cadaver(More)
The renal excretion of 3-methylhistidine was measured in healthy human volunteers under different diets. The excretion of 3-methylhistidine and total nitrogen was increased in 8 surgical patients. These findings are referred to an increased proteolysis mainly in the skeletal muscle. In four insulin-dependent diabetic patients (IDDM) the excretion of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the speech intelligibility in noise with a new cochlear implant (CI) processor that uses a pinna effect imitating directional microphone system. STUDY DESIGN Prospective experimental study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Ten experienced, unilateral CI recipients with bilateral severe-to-profound hearing(More)
CONCLUSION Bone Anchored Hearing Systems (BAHS) can be expected to still be used by ∼85% of patients with single sided deafness (SSD) 5 years after implantation, and by ∼50% after 10 years. OBJECTIVES To investigate the long-term use of BAHS and the reasons to stop. METHOD This was a retrospective chart review of all 33 German speaking adults with SSD(More)