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OBJECTIVE The natriuretic peptides (NPs), atrial (ANP), B-type (BNP), and C-type (CNP) natriuretic peptides as well as their respective receptor-guanylyl cyclases (GC-A for ANP and BNP, and GC-B for CNP) are expressed in the heart. However, the local role of NPs in the regulation of cardiac contractility and the mutual interactions of NPs remain(More)
Triadin 1 is a major transmembrane protein in cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), which forms a quaternary complex with the ryanodine receptor (Ca(2+) release channel), junctin, and calsequestrin. To better understand the role of triadin 1 in excitation-contraction coupling in the heart, we generated transgenic mice with targeted overexpression(More)
Reversible protein phosphorylation is an essential regulatory mechanism in many cellular functions. In contrast to protein kinases, the role and regulation of protein phosphatases has remained ambiguous. To address this issue, we generated transgenic mice that overexpress the catalytic subunit alpha of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) (PP2Acalpha) in the heart(More)
We retrospectively studied 252 operated and 47 unoperated patients with isolated aortic valve disease. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) was recommended to all patients based on clinical and hemodynamic data. Preoperative hemodynamic and angiographic data were similar in operated and unoperated cohorts. Seventy-one percent of patients received a Björk-Shiley(More)
Type 1 phosphatase activity was increased in membrane vesicles from failing human ventricles compared with non-failing controls. Likewise, expression of the mRNA encoding for type 1 phosphatase was enhanced by 37%. The present study provides evidence that alterations of phosphatase activity coincide with end-stage heart failure. Thus, enhanced activity of(More)
1. alpha 1-Adrenoceptor densities were studied in cardiac membrane preparations from several mammalian species including human failing hearts under identical experiment conditions; the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, [3H]-prazosin, was used as radioligand. End-stage heart failure (NYHA IV) in human hearts was due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. 2.(More)
BACKGROUND Although downregulation of L-type Ca2+ current (I(Ca,L)) in chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important determinant of electrical remodeling, the molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we tested whether reduced I(Ca,L) in AF is associated with alterations in phosphorylation-dependent channel regulation. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Compared with isolated electrically driven neonatal ventricular preparations, the total time of contraction, the time to peak tension, and the time of relaxation were decreased to approximately 50% in adult ventricular preparations. The expression of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) was increased to 133% at the protein level and to 154% at(More)
The transcriptional activation mediated by cAMP-response element (CRE) and transcription factors of the CRE-binding protein (CREB)/CRE modulator (CREM) family represents an important mechanism of cAMP-dependent gene regulation possibly implicated in detrimental effects of chronic beta-adrenergic stimulation in end-stage heart failure. We studied the cardiac(More)
In this study, we characterized the effects of the protein phosphatases type 1 (PP 1) and type 2A (PP 2A) inhibitor cantharidin in endothelial cells. We identified catalytic subunits of PP 1alpha, PP 2Aalpha, and PP 2Abeta immunologically in bovine aortic endothelial cells. Moreover, we detected mRNAs coding for catalytic subunits of PP 1alpha, PP 1beta,(More)