Wilhelm Schaenzer

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Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are misused to a high extent in sports by athletes to improve their physical performance. Sports federations consider the use of these drugs in sports as doping. The misuse of AAS is controlled by detection of the parent AAS (when excreted into urine) and (or) their metabolites in urine of athletes. I present a review of(More)
Several recent studies have shown evidence of some nutritional supplements containing prohibited anabolic androgenic steroids, so-called prohormones, which were not declared on the label. Therefore, a broad-based investigation of the international nutritional supplement market was initiated to clarify the extent of this problem. From October 2000 until(More)
A multidimensional study on the glucuronidation of anabolic androgenic steroids and their phase I metabolites by 11 recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) was carried out using liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric analyses. Large differences between the enzymes with respect to the conjugation profiles of the 11 tested aglycones(More)
Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) is a steroid recently identified to be misused as doping agent. However, the knowledge on functions of this substance in humans or animal models is rather limited. Therefore, it was our aim to further characterize the pharmacological profile of THG and identify potential adverse side effects. THG was synthesized, the purity was(More)
Endogenous steroids are amongst the most misused doping agents in sports. Their presence poses a major challenge for doping control laboratories. Current threshold levels do not allow for the detection of all endogenous steroid misuse due to great interindividual variations in urinary steroid concentrations. A method has been developed and validated to(More)
One of the most frequently misused steroid precursors (prohormones) is 19-norandrostenedione (4-estrene-3,17-dione, NOR), which is, after oral administration, readily metabolised to nortestosterone, also known as nandrolone (durabolin). In this study we have characterised molecular mechanisms of its action determined its tissue specific androgenic and(More)
Liquid chromatography-(tandem) mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has revolutionized the detection assays used in doping control analysis over the last decade. New methods have enabled the determination of drugs that were formerly difficult to detect or undetectable at preceding sample concentrations, and complex and/or time-consuming procedures based on(More)
Boldenone is one of the most frequently detected anabolic androgenic steroids in doping control analysis. Boldenone misuse is commonly detected by the identification of the active drug and its main metabolite, 5β-androst-1-en-17β-ol-3-one (BM1), by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), after previous hydrolysis with β-glucuronidase enzymes,(More)
The aims of this study were as follows: To evaluate total hemoglobin mass (tHbmass) in international field hockey players; to examine the correlation between tHbmass and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max); and to assess influences of iron status on tHbmass and on VO2max. The players of the German women's (N = 17, aged 24.8 +/- 3.0 [21-31] years) and men's (N =(More)
Der Einsatz verschiedener Therapeutika zu Dopingzwecken ist seit jeher ein Problem des Leistungs- und Freizeitsports. Mit der Erstellung von Verbotslisten durch internationale Fachverbände und das Internationale Olympische Komitee wurden Dopingkontrollen etabliert, die zu zahlreichen positiven Befunden geführt haben. Aufgrund der Dynamik des(More)