Learn More
This article summarizes the experimental knowledge on efficacy, possible modes of action, and aspects of application of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. Phytogenic feed additives comprise a wide variety of herbs, spices, and products derived thereof, and are mainly essential oils. The assumption that phytogenic compounds might(More)
Supplementation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) reduces milk fat content in dairy cows and, thus, may be a useful dietary strategy to improve energy balance during early lactation. The present study was performed to investigate whether supplementation of CLA could have adverse effects on hepatic lipid metabolism such as observed in rodents. For this aim,(More)
The nitrogen isotope composition (δ¹⁵N) of different amino acids carries different dietary information. We hypothesized that transamination and de novo synthesis create three groups that largely explain their dietary information. Rats were fed with ¹⁵N-labeled amino acids. The redistribution of the dietary ¹⁵N labels among the muscular amino acids was(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present feeding trial with iodine was to assess pigs' growth performance and carcass characteristics, the iodine accumulation in tissues, and their influences on the thyroid hormones in plasma. METHODS Eighty pigs (33-115 kg body weight) were allotted to 5 dietary treatments: a control group (150 μg I/kg), two potassium iodide [KI](More)
The accumulation of zinc in the cell is a sum of influx and efflux processes via transporter proteins, like the four Zn transporters (ZnT1-4), the divalent cation transporter 1 (DCT1) and of storage processes mainly bound to metallothionein (MT). To study the effect of Zn deficiency on mRNA expression levels, adult rats were used as an animal model. Food(More)
In contrast to inorganic Zn, organic Zn sources are absorbed via peptide or AA transport systems resulting in a higher digestibility and availability. Bioavailability of organically bound Zn seems also to be influenced by the type of complex being used. Forty-two gilts (Large white × Landrace) with initial BW of 24 ± 1.4 kg were allotted to 6 treatments of(More)
  • W Windisch
  • 2002
Variations in the chemical speciation of dietary trace elements can result in the provision of different amounts of these micronutrients to the organism and might thus induce interactions with trace-element metabolism. The chemical species of Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mn can interact with other components of the diet even before reaching the site of absorption, e.g.(More)
BACKGROUND Human isotope studies and epidemiological trials are controversial as to whether lead absorption shares the absorptive pathways of iron and whether body lead content can be reduced by iron supplementation. AIM To compare the impact of iron-deficiency on ⁵⁹Fe- and ²¹⁰Pb-absorption rates in duodenal and ileal segments. METHODS ⁵⁹Fe- and(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of changing skeletal Zn load (mobilization/restoring) on bone mineral composition and bone tissue metabolism. For this purpose, 36 65Zn-labelled, young-adult female rats were fed with either a purified diet with sufficient Zn (21 microg/g, control) for 26 days, or deficient Zn (1.4 microg/g)(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has been identified as a novel hormonal factor involved in the regulation of metabolic adaptations during energy deprivation. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of the FGF21 gene in the liver of dairy cows during the transition from pregnancy to lactation. Therefore, the relative mRNA abundance of FGF21(More)