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Organ-specific metastasis is governed, in part, by interactions between chemokine receptors on cancer cells and matching chemokines in target organs. For example, malignant breast cancer cells express the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and commonly metastasize to organs that are an abundant source of the CXCR4-specific ligand stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha(More)
The mobilization of metabolic energy from adipocytes depends on a tightly regulated balance between hydrolysis and resynthesis of triacylglycerides (TAGs). Hydrolysis is stimulated by beta-adrenergic signalling to PKA that mediates phosphorylation of lipolytic enzymes, including hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). TAG resynthesis is associated with high-energy(More)
Prefoldins (PFDs) are members of a recently identified, small-molecular weight protein family able to assemble into molecular chaperone complexes. Here we describe an unusually large member of this family, termed URI, that forms complexes with other small-molecular weight PFDs and with RPB5, a shared subunit of all three RNA polymerases. Functional analysis(More)
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor gene inactivation is linked to the development of haemangioblastomas in the central nervous system and retina, often in association with other tumours, such as clear-cell carcinomas of the kidney and phaeochromocytomas. Here we show that the VHL protein (pVHL) is a microtubule-associated protein that can protect(More)
Regulation of microtubule dynamics is essential for many cell biological processes and is likely to be variable between different subcellular regions. We describe a computational approach to analyze microtubule dynamics by detecting growing microtubule plus ends. Our algorithm tracked all EB1-EGFP comets visible in an image time-lapse sequence allowing the(More)
Development of cardiac hypertrophy and progression to heart failure entails profound changes in myocardial metabolism, characterized by a switch from fatty acid utilization to glycolysis and lipid accumulation. We report that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1alpha and PPARgamma, key mediators of glycolysis and lipid anabolism, respectively, are jointly(More)
Insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells is stimulated by glucose metabolism. However, the relative importance of metabolizing glucose via mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation versus glycolysis for insulin secretion remains unclear. von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor protein, pVHL, negatively regulates hypoxia-inducible factor HIF1alpha, a(More)
Loss of pVHL function, characteristic for clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), causes increased expression of CXCR4 chemokine receptor, which triggers expression of metastasis-associated MMP2/MMP9 in different human cancers. The impact of pVHL on MMP2/MMP9 expression and their relationship to CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 in ccRCC is unclear. By using(More)
Unconventional prefoldin RPB5 interactor (URI), an evolutionary conserved member of the prefoldin family of molecular chaperones, plays a central role in the regulation of nutrient-sensitive, TOR (target-of-rapamycin)-dependent gene expression programs in yeast. Mammalian URI has been shown to associate with key components of the transcriptional machinery,(More)
Error-free mitosis depends on fidelity-monitoring checkpoint systems that ensure correct temporal and spatial coordination of chromosome segregation by the microtubule spindle apparatus. Defects in these checkpoint systems can lead to genomic instability, an important aspect of tumorigenesis. Here we show that the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor(More)