Wilhelm H. Schmitt

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Apart from the diagnostic value of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), their detailed characterization and that of their corresponding antigens have opened new ways for the exploration of the pathogenesis of primary systemic vasculitis. ANCA are now thought to play an important functional role via activation of phagocytic cells (e.g.(More)
In patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), CD25 expression is increased on circulating T cells. Although in animal experiments the role of CD4(+) CD25(+) T-regulatory-cells (T(reg)) in protection against autoimmunity is well established, the role of these cells in AAV is unknown. To investigate the hypothesis that an increased expression of CD25 on(More)
BACKGROUND A subset of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis does not respond sufficiently to cyclophosphamide and glucocorticosteroids or suffers of intolerable side effects. Anecdotal data suggest that antithymocyte globulin (ATG) may be a treatment option for these patients. We now describe 15 patients treated with ATG for refractory Wegener's(More)
Cranberry juice (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is a widely used and recommended North-American folk remedy for prophylaxis of urinary tract infections (UTI). Clinical trials have documented its efficacy in women with recurrent UTI, but so far not in other groups of patients. The composition of effective cranberry products and its dosage in UTI prophylaxis have not(More)
BACKGROUND Early graft function (EGF) has an enduring effect on the subsequent course after kidney transplantation. This study compares quantitative parameters of EGF for the prediction of graft survival. METHODS We involved 300 consecutive transplant recipients from deceased donors from 1989 to 2005. Urine output during 24 h post-transplant (UO), and(More)
It was the aim of this study to reevaluate the diagnostic significance and clinical implication of ANCA after testing sera from 13,606 patients for the presence of ANCA. Our data confirm the high specificity (97%) and sensitivity (80%) of cANCA for Wegener's granulomatosis. pANCA were found in renal vasculitides (60%), collagen vascular diseases (SLE 20%,(More)
The past decade has seen an explosion of data on the new group of autoantibodies known collectively as ANCA (anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies). ANCA are specific for granule proteins of granulocytes and monocytes and induce distinct fluorescence patterns, e.g. the cytoplasmic (classic) cANCA and the perinuclear pANCA. cANCA is induced by antibodies(More)
Autoantibodies against neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (ANCA) produce two major immunofluorescence (IF) patterns on ethanol-fixed granulocytes: the "classical" (centrally accentuated) C-ANCA, associated with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), and P-ANCA (perinuclear), which mainly occur in renal vasculitis. Rheumatic manifestations are an important clinical(More)
PURPOSE Vascular injury plays an important pathophysiological role in vasculitis. Soluble serum thrombomodulin (sTM), a promising marker of endothelial cell injury, is released into the circulating blood following cell damage and was therefore investigated as a parameter of disease activity in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and various other(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is typically characterized by episodic fever, myalgia, skin rash, conjunctivitis, and abdominal cramps. Recently, mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene on chromosome 12p13 encoding tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 have been linked to this autoinflammatory syndrome. We report the case of a(More)