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The effects of adding crude enzyme preparations to diets containing raw, autoclaved, and dehulled lupin seeds on the performance of broiler and Leghorn chicks (7 to 21 days) were evaluated in five experiments. In the first experiment, enzyme addition (combination of Energex-carbohydrase, Bio-Feed Pro-protease, and Novozyme-alpha-galactosidase) to a diet(More)
Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of crude enzyme preparations on the performance and gastrointestinal tract size of chicks fed wheat and barley diets. In the first experiment, enzyme addition (100 and 200 mg/kg of Roxazyme G and 1,000 mg/kg of Avizyme SX) to diets containing Bedford barley improved weight gain (6%) and the feed to gain(More)
Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of adding a crude enzyme preparation to diets containing whole, dehulled lupins and lupin hulls on performance, dry matter retention (DMR), AME, apparent protein digestibility (APD), and size of gastrointestinal tract of Leghorn and broiler chicks. In the first experiment, Leghorn chicks fed diets(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare estimates of ileal endogenous amino acid (IEAA) losses determined in broiler chicks with a nitrogen-free diet (NFD), diets containing highly digestible proteins as intact casein or enzymatically hydrolyzed casein (EHC), and the regression method (RM). Male Ross 308 broiler chicks were fed a commercial starter diet(More)
In vitro incubation studies were carried out to determine if various carbohydrase preparations contained appropriate activities to target nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) of wheat, soybean meal (SBM), canola meal, and peas. Triplicate samples (0.1 g) were incubated with a number of carbohydrase preparations (i.e., cellulase, pectinase, xylanase, glucanase,(More)
Concerns regarding the welfare of laying hens raised in battery cages have led to the development of enriched cages that allow hens to perform natural behaviors including nesting, roosting, and scratching. This study was conducted to compare indices of production and welfare in birds housed in 2 different caging systems. Shaver White hens were housed from(More)
Enrichment of eggs with folate is possible when dietary folic acid levels are increased. However, development of optimal strategies for the production of folate-enriched eggs requires knowledge as to differences due to strain of bird and a greater understanding of the factors limiting egg folate deposition. To this end, a study was designed to determine the(More)
The effects of dehulling and micronization (infrared heating) on the nutritive value of three cultivars (Impala, Radley, and Sirius) of peas (Pisum sativum) varying in coat color for broiler chickens were studied. Dehulling increased (P < or = 0.05) protein and starch contents and decreased (P < or = 0.05) fiber content of peas. Also, the concentrations of(More)
The influence of enzyme supplementation on the bioavailable energy (AME(n)) and apparent digestibilities of lipid (ALD) and protein (APD) in young broiler chicks was examined for diets containing either wheat, hulled or hulless barley, naked oats, or spring rye. Dietary AME(n), APD, and ALD values were depressed (P less than or equal to .01) for all test(More)
A study was conducted to estimate the ileal digestibility of amino acids (AA) in 5 different samples of wheat distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) fed to broilers. Two hundred sixteen male Ross broiler chicks were fed a commercial starter diet from d 1 to 15 of age followed by the test diets from d 15 to 21. The 5 test diets consisted of a DDGS(More)