Wilhelm Grzesiak

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The paper reviews the various factors affecting dystocia in cattle. It is based mainly on the recent studies found in the literature of the subject but refers occasionally to some older papers as well. The factors are grouped into four main categories: direct factors, phenotypic factors related to calf and cow, non-genetic and genetic factors. The first(More)
A total of 445 domestic pigeons were genotyped for the lactate dehydrogenase (LDHA) gene. Crude DNA was isolated from blood samples and feathers. Two polymorphic sites were identified in intron 6: one near the splice donor site GT is called site H and the other near the splice acceptor site is called site B. Interestingly, the nucleotide changes of both(More)
Most available literature indicates that the most dominant nematode in Anatinae is a cosmopolitan species Amidostomum acutum (Lundahl, 1848). However, studies on wild duck helminthofauna in northwestern Poland suggest that these birds are attacked by not one but three different parasite species, previously described as a single species. Hence the aim of(More)
PURPOSE To obtain ultrasonographic measurements of ocular axial length (AL) in preterm infants without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) but with different refractive power in regard to birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA). METHODS Refraction was measured after cycloplegia (at 6 months of life) in 350 eyes of 180 preterm (non-astigmatic) infants(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to examine blood flow velocity and vascular resistance in retrobulbar arteries in young type-1 diabetes (DM-1) patients. Statistical relationships between blood flow parameters and serum lipid levels (TCH, HDL, LDL, TG, ApoB) were also determined. MATERIAL/METHODS Fifty-two eyes with diabetic angiopathy were examined (average age:(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and dynamics of temperature changes on the surface of selected body parts after systemic cryostimulation. The changes that occurred as a reaction to the 1st, 5th, and 10th session of a series of 10 sessions were also analyzed. METHODS The study group consisted of 24 students (12 women and 12(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate selected lipid-related and vascular factors and their effect on retrobulbar hemodynamics in glaucoma. Fifty-six patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) [POAG group; mean age 68.32 years (SD±0.21)] and 54 patients in control group [CG, mean age 68.1 years (SD±5.34)] were examined. Peak systolic velocity,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between lens opacity, vascular and lipid factors and retrobulbar blood flow parameters in type-1 diabetic (DM) adolescents. MATERIAL/METHODS Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TCH), high- and low-density cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) were(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to analyze age-related effects influencing retrobulbar blood flow parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study enrolled healthy volunteers (162 eyes) with a mean age of 49.64 years (SD ± 17.50). Participants were divided into 5 groups (G1-G5) based on 12-year age spans (means from 25.41 to 73.87 years). Peak systolic(More)
INTRODUCTION Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease of the retina and the vitreous body present in children prematurely born. In the groups of babies with retinopathy of prematurity as well as among in the group of babies without pathological lesions, however, with retinal immaturity, occurrence of complications in the form of refractive errors and(More)