Wilhelm A. Alfermann

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Cell cultures of Linum album Kotschy ex Boiss. (Linaceae) showing high accumulation of the lignan podophyllotoxin (PTOX) were established. Enzymological studies revealed highest activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxycinnamate:CoA ligase and cinnamoyl-CoA:NADP oxidoreductase immediately prior to PTOX(More)
Effects of elicitors (mannan, β-1,3-glucan, and ancymidol) on the activity of several key enzymes participating in lignan biosynthesis were studied in Linum austriacum L. cell cultures. The activities of L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, polyphenoloxydase, tyrosine ammonia-lyase, soluble phenoloxidase, and membrane-bound and soluble oxidases were assayed. The(More)
Cytotoxic lignans derived from podophyllotoxin are currently used in cancer chemotherapy. Podophyllotoxin for semi-synthetic derivatization is isolated from the rhizomes of Podophyllum plants growing wild, some of which are counted as endangered species. An alternative source for podophyllotoxin or related lignans may in future be cell cultures derived from(More)
The isolation of anthocyanin-producing and non-producing cell lines of tissue cultures ofDaucus carota is described. Those clones which are able to synthesize anthocyanins do this in dark only if there is an auxin like 2,4-D, IAA or NAA present. In light no supplementary auxin is necessary for anthocyanin production. It is assumed that there might be(More)
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