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BACKGROUND Volume reduction has been proved to increase ventilatory mechanics in diffuse, nonbullous lung emphysema. However, the best approach is still controversial. METHODS We retrospectively compared the perioperative data of and functional results in 15 patients having sternotomy (group I) with those of 15 patients having a videoendoscopic approach(More)
OBJECTIVES The increasing scarcity of donor lungs, especially for small and pediatric recipients has stimulated the development of new operative techniques, which allow larger lungs to be downsized for use in smaller recipients. This approach has only recently gained widespread use-especially for highly urgent recipients-however, it is still not considered(More)
BACKGROUND Size-reduced lung transplantation has only recently undergone widespread use, especially in highly urgent cases. However, it is still not considered standard procedure at most centers. It has the potential to alleviate the donor organ shortage by allowing the use of oversized grafts for small and pediatric recipients. Limited data exist on(More)
UNLABELLED Optimal analgesia is important after thoracotomy in pulmonary-limited patients to avoid pain-related pulmonary complications. Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) can provide excellent pain relief. However, potential paralysis of respiratory muscles and changes in bronchial tone might be unfavorable in patients with end-stage chronic obstructive(More)
In the immunocompromised patient, the pulmonary nodule remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We studied the incidence, cause, diagnosis, and therapy of pulmonary nodules after lung transplantation (LTx). Eight out of 64 patients (12.5%) developed pulmonary nodules after a median follow-up of 5.8 months (range, 1 to 10 months). The median age was(More)
BACKGROUND Sternal wound infections are a major complication after cardiac surgery in terms of morbidity and cost increase. To decrease the incidence of infection, we evaluated triclosan-coated sutures for the closure of the sternal incision, as it is known that most of the surgical site infections are related to the incision site. METHODS From May to(More)
OBJECTIVES It has been proved in human subjects and animals that atelectasis is a major cause of intrapulmonary shunting and hypoxemia after cardiopulmonary bypass. Animal studies suggest that shunting can be prevented entirely by a total vital capacity maneuver performed before termination of bypass. This study aimed to test this theory in human subjects(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing need for donor lungs, especially for small and pediatric recipients, has not been matched by an adequate supply. This disparity has stimulated the development of new operative techniques, which allow downsizing of larger lungs for use in smaller recipients, thus potentially expanding the donor pool. This approach has recently(More)
OBJECTIVE Pulmonary transplant recipients are at high risk from various conditions requiring surgical intervention. As little is known about their exact incidence and course, we examined such procedures in detail. METHODS AND PATIENTS We have retrospectively analyzed major nonpulmonary surgical procedures performed in 124 consecutive patients who received(More)
BACKGROUND Between October 1989 and December 1994 in 13 (four single and nine bilateral lung transplantations) of 124 lung transplantations, pulmonary allografts were considered to be too large to fit into the recipient thoracic cavity. METHODS In all these patients (emphysema n = 6, fibrosis n = 4, pulmonary hypertension n = 3), the transplanted lungs(More)