Learn More
Cyclic AMP treatment of hepatoma cells leads to increased protein binding at the cyclic AMP response element (CRE) of the tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) gene in vivo, as revealed by genomic footprinting, whereas no increase is observed at the CRE of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene. Several criteria establish that the 43 kDa CREB protein(More)
The expression of the constitutive transcription factors activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2), serum response factor (SRF) and cAMP/Ca response element binding factor (CREB), and the phosphorylation of SRF and CREB were studied in the untreated adult rat nervous system and following seizure activities and neurodegenerative stimuli. In the untreated(More)
To dissect the effects of corticosteroids mediated by the mineralocorticoid (MR) and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in the central nervous system, we compared MR-/- mice, whose salt loss syndrome was corrected by exogenous NaCI administration, with GR-/- mice having a brain-specific disruption of the GR gene generated by the Cre/loxP-recombination system.(More)
Corticosterone is known to suppress levels of 5-HTA(1A) receptor mRNA in rat hippocampus. We describe hippocampal 5-HT(1A) receptor mRNA regulation in mice that have a targeted disruption of the glucocorticoid receptor gene. 5-HT(1A) receptor mRNA levels as well as binding of [3H]8-OH-DPAT, were measured in the hippocampus of heterozygous and homozygous(More)
Previous studies in rats using the Morris water maze suggested that the processing of spatial information is modulated by corticosteroid hormones through mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors in the hippocampus. Mineralocorticoid receptors appear to be involved in the modulation of explorative behaviour, while additional activation of(More)
Cytochrome P-4503A, CYP2B, and P-450 reductase are induced by glucocorticoids, antiglucocorticoids such as pregnenolone 16alpha-carbonitrile, and drugs such as rifampin and phenobarbital. Although the pregnane X receptor is reported to mediate steroid and drug activation of CYP3A via a conserved cis-element in CYP3A genes, discrepancies exist between the(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of distinct cell phenotypes is a key issue in developmental biology. A major paradigm of determination of neural cell fate concerns the development of sympathetic neurones and neuroendocrine chromaffin cells from a common sympathoadrenal (SA) progenitor cell. Two decades of in vitro experiments have suggested(More)
Two glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) located 2.5 kb upstream of the transcription initiation site of the tyrosine aminotransferase gene were identified by gene transfer experiments and shown to bind to purified glucocorticoid receptor. Although the proximal GRE has no inherent capacity by itself to stimulate transcription, when present in conjunction(More)