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Although histamine release is recognised as a common event during anaesthesia and surgery, few clinicians judge the resultant cardiorespiratory disturbances serious enough to warrant prophylaxis with antihistamines. We have assessed the incidence and importance of histamine release in a randomised 2 x 2 factorial study. 240 patients representing a routine(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research suggests that patients' appraisal of somatic symptoms is more closely related to emotional variables (particularly negative affect) than to their actual health as determined by external criteria. METHODS Sixty surgical cancer patients who at the time of a routine follow-up examination filled out the European Organization for(More)
The danger of luminal histamine administered orally or formed in the intestinal fluid by bacteria has long been neglected. However, the demonstration of blocking intestinal diamine oxidase (DAO) by a variety of common drugs has revived the discussion and has created a new disease concept: enteral-induced histaminosis. In an animal model the three central(More)
Using a new, highly sensitive and specific method for the determination of histamine in human plasma, it was shown that release of histamine followed injection of propanidid and thiopentone. Observations of gastric secretion, arterial pressure and pulse rate supported these findings. In normal persons the release of histamine had no special clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative peritonitis has a high mortality in human beings. It is accepted that cytokines are important mediators in pathophysiology of sepsis. The recent failure of clinical trials increased the necessity to proof new drugs in more clinically relevant animal models. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of granulocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Quality problems in medical care are not a new finding. Variations in medical practice as well as actual medical errors have been pointed out for many decades. The current movement to write practice guidelines to attempt to correct these deviations from recommended medical practice has not solved the problem. OBJECTIVE In order to gain greater(More)
Despite worldwide enthusiasm for endoscopic surgery, this new technology is now on the top of McKinlay's “product life circle curve.” Critical questions are being asked about its benefits and burdens, but the concepts applied and the methodologies used for technology assessment are in a similar position as endoscopic surgery and need a critical evaluation.(More)
In a randomized controlled trial, 30 pigs were orally treated with histamine (60 mg). In addition, half of the animals underwent a specific blockade of the enzyme diamine oxidase (DAO), which is the main histamine catabolising enzyme in the intestinal tract. Only these DAO-blocked animals exhibited severe clinical symptoms (e.g. hypotension, flush,(More)