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The in vitro micronucleus test (MNT) is a well-established test for early screening of new chemical entities in industrial toxicology. For assessing the clastogenic or aneugenic potential of a test compound, micronucleus induction in cells has been shown repeatedly to be a sensitive and a specific parameter. Various automated systems to replace the tedious(More)
We evaluated the suitability of the alkaline comet assay as a screening test in industrial routine testing of new chemicals. Thirty-six pharmaceutical compounds with unknown genotoxic potential were tested comparatively in the comet assay and micronucleus test (MNT) using V79 Chinese hamster cells. The comparison of results is generally based on at least(More)
In recent years the Comet assay (or single cell gel electrophoresis assay) has been established as a rapid and sensitive method for the detection of DNA damage. For early genotoxicity screening of new chemical entities in industrial toxicology, the Comet assay is more and more used for assessment of the DNA damaging potential of a test compound. In order to(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, the number of affected individuals is rising, with significant impacts for healthcare systems. Current symptomatic treatments delay, but do not halt, disease progression. Genetic evidence points to aggregation and deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the brain being causal for the neurodegeneration(More)
This article describes the first step toward full (that includes conditions for both absence and presence of metabolic activation) validation and drug discovery application of a 96-well, automated, high-content micronucleus (HCMN) assay. The current validation tests were performed using Chinese hamster ovary cells, in the absence of metabolic activation,(More)
BACKGROUND Cachexia affects the majority of patients with advanced cancer and is associated with a reduction in treatment tolerance, response to therapy, and duration of survival. One impediment towards the effective treatment of cachexia is a validated classification system. METHODS 41 patients with resectable upper gastrointestinal (GI) or pancreatic(More)
Sulfonic acid esters are considered as potentially alkylating agents that may exert genotoxic effects in bacterial and mammalian cell systems. One possible source of human exposure stems from drug synthesis when the salt-forming agents methanesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonic acid or p-toluenesulfonic acid are used together with alcoholic solvents such as(More)
The mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay is anin vivo test commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry to evaluate the genotoxic potential of new compounds. The test detects agent-induced chromosomal damage or damage of the mitotic spindle apparatus. In this paper the state-of-the-art in automated rodent micronucleus evaluation using computerized image(More)
The in vitro micronucleus test is a well established test for early screening of new chemical entities in industrial toxicology. For assessing the clastogenic or aneugenic potential of a test compound, micronucleus induction in cells has been shown repeatedly to be a sensitive and specific parameter. As a measure for numerical and structural chromosome(More)