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The cell surface enzyme beta 1-4 galactosyl transferase (galtase) has been implicated in a number of cellular events involving adhesion and recognition, among them migration of neural crest and mesenchymal cells as well as initiation and elongation of neurites from PC12 cells. Results presented here demonstrate that reagents that specifically alter galtase(More)
Modest numbers of blood monocytes become attached at least temporarily to the endothelium of large arteries in normal swine fed low fat, low cholesterol diets. These numbers are increased several fold when the swine are fed a high saturated fat, high cholesterol atherogenic diet (BT). The main objective of this portion of a broader study was to see if the(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human herpes virus with oncogenic potential, persists in B lymphoid tissues and is controlled by virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) surveillance. On reactivation in vitro, these CTLs recognize EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) in an HLA class I antigen-restricted fashion, but the viral antigens providing(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been detected against many EBV antigens but not the nuclear antigen EBNA1; this has been attributed to the presence of a glycine-alanine repeat (GAr) domain in the protein. Here we describe the isolation of human CD8+ CTL clones recognizing EBNA1-specific peptides in the context of(More)
Marine fish consumption is known to reduce mortality from ischemic heart disease. The use of fish oil as a dietary supplement, however, is not universally recommended. In large doses, fish oil reduces plasma cholesterol and triacylglycerol but increases low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels and the potential for free radical generation and bleeding. Moderate(More)
In healthy virus carriers, EBV is subject to strong CTL responses that principally target the EBV nuclear Ag (EBNA) 3A, 3B, 3C subset of virus proteins. In vitro-reactivated CTLs of this kind have proved very effective in treating EBV-positive immunoblastic lymphoma, a malignancy that expresses the full range of virus proteins. However, targeting other(More)
Approximately 40% of Hodgkin's disease (HD) cases in Western countries carry Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the malignant Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells. HLA class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) with specificity for viral antigens expressed in H-RS cells therefore have therapeutic potential. However, a prerequisite for CTL therapy is that the(More)
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses induced by persistent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in normal B-lymphoid tissues could potentially be directed against EBV-positive malignancies if expression of the relevant viral target proteins is maintained in tumor cells. For malignancies such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Hodgkin's disease, this will(More)