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There is accumulating evidence that glial cells actively modulate neuronal synaptic transmission. We identified a glia-derived soluble acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP), which is a naturally occurring analogue of the ligand-binding domains of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Like the nAChRs, it assembles into a homopentamer with(More)
In the pulmonate snail Lymnaea stagnalis, FMRFamide-like neuropeptides are encoded by a multi-exon genomic locus which is subject to regulation at the level of mRNA splicing. We aim to understand the post-translational processing of one resulting protein precursor encoding the tetrapeptide FMRFamide and a number of other putative peptides, and determine the(More)
An innovative method, direct peptide profiling of small samples of nervous tissue by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, in combination with peptide characterization, immunocytochemistry in conjunction with specific neuronal labeling by backfilling of the penis nerve, and bioassay of peptides was used to study the intrinsic(More)
Mating as a male in the simultaneous hermaphrodite freshwater snail, Lymnaea stagnalis, comprises a series of complex behaviors that are a prelude to copulation. Copulatory behavior itself is assumed to be controlled by various types of peptidergic neurons as well as serotonergic cells. Here we report the primary structure of two peptides that were(More)
The neurosecretory caudodorsal cells of the freshwater pulmonate snail Lymnaea stagnalis produce an ovulation hormone [caudodorsal cell hormone (CDCH)] that is stored and released at the periphery of the intercerebral commissure. In the present study, CDCH has been purified and sequenced by micromethods. CDCH has been isolated, starting with a hydrochloric(More)
We report that the Vps10p domain receptor sorLA binds the adaptor proteins GGA1 and -2, which take part in Golgi-endosome sorting. The GGAs bind with differential requirements via three critical residues in the C-terminal segment of the sorLA cytoplasmic tail. Unlike in sortilin and the mannose 6-phosphate receptors, the GGA-binding segment in sorLA(More)
Male mating behavior of the simultaneous hermaphrodite freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis is controlled by a neuronal network that consists of various types of peptidergic neurons, as well as serotonergic cells. In the present article, we describe the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone that encodes a multipeptide preprohormone expressed in the(More)
Neurotrophins and their Trk receptors play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of the vertebrate nervous system, but to date no component of this signalling system has been found in invertebrates. We describe a molluscan Trk receptor, designated Ltrk, from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. The full-length sequence of Ltrk reveals most of the(More)
Neuropeptides are known to be important signaling molecules in several neural systems of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Although the functions of these peptides have been studied in many neurons, the nature of the postsynaptic signal transduction is mainly unknown. The cloning and characterization of neuropeptide receptors in Lymnaea thus would be very(More)