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There is accumulating evidence that glial cells actively modulate neuronal synaptic transmission. We identified a glia-derived soluble acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP), which is a naturally occurring analogue of the ligand-binding domains of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Like the nAChRs, it assembles into a homopentamer with(More)
Neurotrophins and their Trk receptors play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of the vertebrate nervous system, but to date no component of this signalling system has been found in invertebrates. We describe a molluscan Trk receptor, designated Ltrk, from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. The full-length sequence of Ltrk reveals most of the(More)
The peptidergic neuroendocrine caudodorsal cells (CDCs) of Lymnaea stagnalis control egg laying. The CDC network consists of 100 electrotonically coupled neurons that form two clusters in the cerebral ganglia. Upon prolonged, repeated, intracellular stimulation of one CDC, excitation spreads over the network and leads to a 30-min period of spiking activity:(More)
We examined functional aspects of co-localization of neuropeptides involved in the regulation of male copulation behaviour in the simultaneous hermaphrodite snail Lymnaea stagnalis. The copulation behaviour is controlled by several types of peptidergic neurons that include a cluster of neurons in the anterior lobe of the right cerebral ganglion. All(More)
Neuropeptide Y is an abundant and physiologically important peptide in vertebrates having effects on food intake, sexual behaviour, blood pressure and circadian rhythms. Neuropeptide Y homologues have been found in invertebrates, where they are very likely to play similar, important roles. Although five neuropeptide Y-receptor subtypes have been identified(More)
We report that the Vps10p domain receptor sorLA binds the adaptor proteins GGA1 and -2, which take part in Golgi-endosome sorting. The GGAs bind with differential requirements via three critical residues in the C-terminal segment of the sorLA cytoplasmic tail. Unlike in sortilin and the mannose 6-phosphate receptors, the GGA-binding segment in sorLA(More)
We studied the regenerative properties of one of two electrically coupled molluscan neurons, the serotonergic cerebral giant cells (CGCs) of Lymnaea stagnalis, after axotomy. The CGCs play a crucial role in feeding behavior, and when both cells are disconnected from their target neurons, animals no longer feed. When one CGC was permanently disconnected from(More)
The mammalian epidermal growth factor (EGF) is expressed in the developing and adult CNS, and it has been implicated in the control of cell proliferation, differentiation, and neurotrophic events. Despite extensive evolutionary conservation of the EGF motif in a range of different types of proteins, secreted EGF homologs with neurotrophic actions have not(More)
A novel G-protein-coupled receptor (GRL106) resembling neuropeptide Y and tachykinin receptors was cloned from the mollusc Lymnaea stagnalis. Application of a peptide extract from the Lymnaea brain to Xenopus oocytes expressing GRL106 activated a calcium-dependent chloride channel. Using this response as a bioassay, we purified the ligand for GRL106,(More)
The VD1/RPD2 mRNA precursor in identified neurons VD1 and RPD2 of the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis is alternatively spliced to yield two related variants encoding two distinct yet related preprohormones, named the VD1/RPD2-A and -B preprohormones. Here, we report the isolation and structural characterization of alpha 1, alpha 2 and beta peptides from(More)