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There is accumulating evidence that glial cells actively modulate neuronal synaptic transmission. We identified a glia-derived soluble acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP), which is a naturally occurring analogue of the ligand-binding domains of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Like the nAChRs, it assembles into a homopentamer with(More)
Neuropeptides are known to be important signaling molecules in several neural systems of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Although the functions of these peptides have been studied in many neurons, the nature of the postsynaptic signal transduction is mainly unknown. The cloning and characterization of neuropeptide receptors in Lymnaea thus would be very(More)
Neurotrophins and their Trk receptors play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of the vertebrate nervous system, but to date no component of this signalling system has been found in invertebrates. We describe a molluscan Trk receptor, designated Ltrk, from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. The full-length sequence of Ltrk reveals most of the(More)
Male mating behavior of the simultaneous hermaphrodite freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis is controlled by a neuronal network that consists of various types of peptidergic neurons, as well as serotonergic cells. In the present article, we describe the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone that encodes a multipeptide preprohormone expressed in the(More)
Mating as a male in the simultaneous hermaphrodite freshwater snail, Lymnaea stagnalis, comprises a series of complex behaviors that are a prelude to copulation. Copulatory behavior itself is assumed to be controlled by various types of peptidergic neurons as well as serotonergic cells. Here we report the primary structure of two peptides that were(More)
The peptidergic neuroendocrine caudodorsal cells (CDCs) of Lymnaea stagnalis control egg laying. The CDC network consists of 100 electrotonically coupled neurons that form two clusters in the cerebral ganglia. Upon prolonged, repeated, intracellular stimulation of one CDC, excitation spreads over the network and leads to a 30-min period of spiking activity:(More)
The neuroendocrine light green cells (LGCs), 4 clusters of together approximately 150 giant neurons in the cerebral ganglia of the freshwater gastropod, Lymnaea stagnalis, have been suggested to be involved in the control of growth. The present study examines in greater detail this role and possible actions on energy metabolism. Growth indices (total body(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) was employed to detect and structurally characterize peptides in two functionally related neurons, named VD1 and RPD2, which form a network involved in the modulation of heartbeat in Lymnaea. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MS, directly applied to single neurons VD1 and RPD2, showed overlapping yet distinct mass profiles,(More)
We report that the Vps10p domain receptor sorLA binds the adaptor proteins GGA1 and -2, which take part in Golgi-endosome sorting. The GGAs bind with differential requirements via three critical residues in the C-terminal segment of the sorLA cytoplasmic tail. Unlike in sortilin and the mannose 6-phosphate receptors, the GGA-binding segment in sorLA(More)
The neuroendocrine cerebral caudodorsal cells of Lymnaea stagnalis initiate and coordinate ovulation and egg mass production and associated behaviors through the release of a complex set of peptides that are derived from the caudodorsal cell hormone-I (CDCH-I) precursor. We have previously characterized the CDCH-I peptide. In the present study, we isolated(More)