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Correlative evidence suggests that maternal production of the mononuclear phagocyte growth factor colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) regulates placental development. In order to study the role of CSF-1 in pregnancy the fertility of CSF-1-less osteopetrotic (op/op) mutant mice was investigated. Homozygous mutant crosses (op/op x op/op) were consistently(More)
Osteopetrosis and the absence of colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) in op/op mice are associated with decreased cellularity of the bone marrow (to one tenth of the normal), a very significant reduction in the number of cells recovered from peritoneal, pleural, and alveolar lavages, moderate leukopenia, and a slight decrease in the number of cells per(More)
Macrophages have been suggested to play a major role in the immune response to cancer. They have also been suggested to stimulate the formation of tumor stroma and to promote tumor vascularization. The availability of the op/op mouse, which has no endogenous colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) and which possesses a profound macrophage deficiency, provides a(More)
The op/op mice totally lack macrophage growth factor colony-stimulating factor (CSF)-1 and thus, by definition are completely depleted of CSF-1-dependent functions of the macrophage cell lineage. Moreover, they possess a severe and generalized macrophage deficiency. However, residual macrophages of these mice should still have normal CSF-1-independent(More)
The aim of this project was to identify situations where allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) might be considered as a preferred treatment option for patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Based on a MEDLINE search and additional sources, a consented proposal was drafted, refined and approved upon final discussion by an(More)
In a randomized trial of therapy for FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) mutant acute myeloid leukemia in first relapse, 224 patients received chemotherapy alone or followed by 80 mg of the FLT3 inhibitor lestaurtinib twice daily. Endpoints included complete remission or complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery (CR/CRp), overall survival, safety,(More)
Osteopetrotic (op/op) mutant mice suffer from congenital osteopetrosis due to a severe deficiency of osteoclasts. Furthermore, the total number of mononuclear phagocytes is extremely low in affected mice. Serum, 11 tissues, and different cell and organ conditioned media from op/op mice were shown to be devoid of biologically active colony-stimulating factor(More)
The genetic basis of Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA), a congenital erythroid hypoplasia that shows marked clinical heterogeneity, remains obscure. However, the fact that nearly one-quarter of patients harbour a variety of mutations in RPS19, a ribosomal protein gene, provides an opportunity to examine whether haplo-insufficiency of RPS19 protein can be(More)
This study exploited alloreactivity of natural killer (NK) cells for augmenting the recognition of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To circumvent the inhibitory effect of killer immunoglobulin receptor (KIR) signaling, we generated NK-cell lines with single KIR specificities for major human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I allotypes. We demonstrated(More)
Mice that are mutant at the op locus have a severe deficiency of mononuclear phagocytes due to an inactivating mutation in the CSF-1 (macrophage colony-stimulating factor, M-CSF) gene. op/op mice are toothless, possessing skeletal abnormalities, a low body weight, and compromised fertility; they are osteopetrotic due to a deficiency of osteoclasts. The(More)