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A series of tetrapeptide p-nitroanilide substrates of the general formula: suc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Aaa-p-nitroanilide was used to map the S1 binding pocket of human cathepsin G. Based on the kcat/Km parameter, the following order of preference was found: Lys=Phe>Arg=Leu>Met>Nle=Nva>Ala>Asp. Thus, the enzyme exhibits clear dual and equal trypsin- and(More)
The properties of plant purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), metallophosphoesterases present in some bacteria, plants and animals are reviewed. All members of this group contain a characteristic set of seven amino-acid residues involved in metal ligation. Animal PAPs contain a binuclear metallic center composed of two irons, whereas in plant PAPs one iron ion(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) from cultured bovine dental pulp inhibits human rheumatoid synovial matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) with a stoichiometry of 1:1 on a molar basis. Among the serine proteinases examined, human neutrophil elastase, trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin destroyed the inhibitory activity of TIMP against MMP-3 by(More)
Elastase, cathepsin G and azurocidin from human neutrophils are key components of body inflammatory defense. Perturbations in regulation of their activities lead to many serious pathological states. The paper describes a simple, fast and efficient method of joint purification of these proteins with the use of sequential affinity chromatography on squash(More)
Seminal plasma of teleost fish contains serine proteinase inhibitors related to those present in blood. These inhibitors can be bound to Q-Sepharose and sequentially eluted with a NaCl gradient. In the present study, using a two-step procedure, we purified (73-fold to homogeneity) and characterized the inhibitor eluted as the second fraction of antitrypsin(More)
The interaction of three proteinases (seryl, cysteinyl, and metallo-) from Staphylococcus aureus with human plasma alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor has been investigated. As expected, none of the enzymes was inactivated by this protein, each, instead causing the conversion of the native inhibitor into an inactive form of decreased molecular weight.(More)
Horse leukocyte elastase inhibitor rapidly forms stable, equimolar complexes with both human leukocyte elastase and cathepsin G, porcine pancreatic elastase, and bovine alpha-chymotrypsin. Formation of the inhibitor-pancreatic elastase complex results in peptide bond cleavage at the reactive site of the inhibitor so that a small peptide fragment(More)
Transferrins form an important class of iron-binding proteins widely distributed in the physiological fluids of vertebrates and invertebrates. In vertebrates they are present mostly in serum as serotransferrins. In birds and reptiles transferrins are also found in eggs as ovotransferrins. However, until now only chicken and duck ovotransferrin sequences(More)
Acid phosphatase (EC from yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus) seeds was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate fractionation, affinity chromatography, cation-exchange chromatography, gel filtration or reverse-phase HPLC. The enzyme is a dimer with the 50 kD and 44 kD subunits and contains 7.3% of carbohydrate, forming at least four oligosaccharide(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human neutrophil elastase has been determined. The protein consists of 218 amino acid residues, contains two asparagine-linked carbohydrate side chains, and is joined together by four disulfide bonds. Comparison of the sequence to other serine proteinases indicates only moderate homology with porcine pancreatic elastase(More)