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The properties of plant purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), metallophosphoesterases present in some bacteria, plants and animals are reviewed. All members of this group contain a characteristic set of seven amino-acid residues involved in metal ligation. Animal PAPs contain a binuclear metallic center composed of two irons, whereas in plant PAPs one iron ion(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) from cultured bovine dental pulp inhibits human rheumatoid synovial matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) with a stoichiometry of 1:1 on a molar basis. Among the serine proteinases examined, human neutrophil elastase, trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin destroyed the inhibitory activity of TIMP against MMP-3 by(More)
Elastase, cathepsin G and azurocidin from human neutrophils are key components of body inflammatory defense. Perturbations in regulation of their activities lead to many serious pathological states. The paper describes a simple, fast and efficient method of joint purification of these proteins with the use of sequential affinity chromatography on squash(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human neutrophil elastase has been determined. The protein consists of 218 amino acid residues, contains two asparagine-linked carbohydrate side chains, and is joined together by four disulfide bonds. Comparison of the sequence to other serine proteinases indicates only moderate homology with porcine pancreatic elastase(More)
The interaction of three proteinases (seryl, cysteinyl, and metallo-) from Staphylococcus aureus with human plasma alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor has been investigated. As expected, none of the enzymes was inactivated by this protein, each, instead causing the conversion of the native inhibitor into an inactive form of decreased molecular weight.(More)
The Serpins are a major family of proteins, most of which are involved in the regulation of proteinase activity. Current data indicate that inhibitor function is dependent on formation of tight, but reversible binary complexes, with carbohydrate being unimportant for this function. The reaction takes place in a reactive site loop common to all Serpins, with(More)
Horse leukocyte elastase inhibitor rapidly forms stable, equimolar complexes with both human leukocyte elastase and cathepsin G, porcine pancreatic elastase, and bovine alpha-chymotrypsin. Formation of the inhibitor-pancreatic elastase complex results in peptide bond cleavage at the reactive site of the inhibitor so that a small peptide fragment(More)
Acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2) from yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus) seeds was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate fractionation, affinity chromatography, cation-exchange chromatography, gel filtration or reverse-phase HPLC. The enzyme is a dimer with the 50 kD and 44 kD subunits and contains 7.3% of carbohydrate, forming at least four oligosaccharide(More)
Azurocidin, also known as cationic antimicrobial protein 37 kDa (CAP37) or heparin-binding protein (HBP) is an inactive homolog of serine proteinases residing in granulocytes. The ability to cleave peptide bond was lost due to replacement of two of the three residues from the conserved catalytic triad characteristic for serine proteinases. Azurocidin has a(More)
N-linked oligosaccharide chains released by hydrazinolysis from yellow lupin seed diphosphonucleotide phosphatase/phosphodiesterase were fluorescence labeled and separated by high performance liquid chromatography (GlycoSep N and GlycoSep H columns). Exoglycosidase sequencing elucidated the structures of 24 separated N-glycans. Thirty percent of isolated(More)