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Seminal fluid is an important part of the ejaculate of internally fertilizing animals. This fluid contains substances that nourish and activate sperm for successful fertilization. Additionally, it contains components that influence female physiology to further enhance fertilization success of the sperm donor, possibly beyond the recipient's optimum.(More)
The present study provides evidence for anterograde axonal transport of manganese (Mn) in the basal ganglia. Microinjections of 54Mn into rat substantia nigra or striatum revealed region-specific accumulation and retention of the isotope in globus pallidus, striatum, thalamus and substantia nigra for up to at least 48 or 72 h respectively. Within 4 h after(More)
Regional 45Ca2+ accumulation and analysis of monoamines and metabolites in dissected tissues were used to localize, quantify, and characterize brain damage after intracerebral injections of Mn2+ into striatum and hippocampus. The specificity of Mn(2+)-induced lesions is described in relation to brain damage produced by local Fe2+ or 6-hydroxydopamine(More)
The present studies were aimed at investigating the possible roles of dopamine (DA) and iron in production of hydroxyl radicals (OH) in rat striatum after Mn2+ intoxication. For this purpose, DA depletions were assessed concomitant with in vivo 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) formation from the reaction of salicylate with OH, of which 2,3-DHBA is(More)
It has been suggested that salicylate (SA) hydroxylation can be used to detect hydroxyl radical formation in vivo. Here we describe a rapid and sensitive HPLC method using ultraviolet absorbance (UV) and electrochemical detection (EC) to detect SA (UV), its hydroxylated adducts 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acids (DHBA) and catechol in combination with(More)
The influence of melanocortins on the process of collateral sprouting has been investigated in rat soleus muscle. The soleus muscle was partially denervated by transecting and ligating the L5 mixed nerve. Collateral sprouting was assessed by means of isometric twitch tension measurements of soleus motor units that remained following L5 transection. The(More)
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