Wibke Ballhorn

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STATs act as second messenger after binding of a signaling molecule to its receptor. IL-4 STAT is directly involved in the IL-4-dependent gene transcription in the nucleus. We examined the expression and activation of IL-4 STAT and its related kinase Jak-1 in rheumatoid synovium. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial frozen sections of patients with short-term(More)
BACKGROUND Bartonella henselae is a highly prevalent, vector-borne pathogen. Transmission to humans and animals by ticks is discussed controversially. Here, we present a case report, where eleven Ixodes ricinus ticks all harbouring B. henselae DNA were removed from one single cat. RESULTS The first feeding tick was tested positive for B. henselae DNA. The(More)
UNLABELLED Articular destruction by invading synovial fibroblasts is a typical feature in rheumatoid arthritis (RA),. Recent data support the hypothesis that key players in this scenario are transformed-appearing synovial fibroblasts at the site of invasion into articular cartilage and bone. They maintain their aggressive phenotype toward cartilage, even(More)
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