Whitney Sample

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The objective of this study was to determine the utility of a passive gravity-balanced arm orthosis, the Wilmington robotic exoskeleton (WREX), for patients with neuromuscular diseases. The WREX, a four-degrees-of-freedom functional orthosis, is energized by rubber bands to eliminate gravity and is attached to the wheelchair. The development and clinical(More)
This article presents the state of the art in passive devices for enhancing limb movement in people with neuromuscular disabilities. Both upper- and lower-limb projects and devices are described. Special emphasis is placed on a passive functional upper-limb orthosis called the Wilmington Robotic Exoskeleton (WREX). The development and testing of the WREX(More)
This paper describes the development and preliminary testing of a functional upper-limb orthosis for people that have limited strength in their arms. This is symptomatic of conditions such as muscular dystrophy (MD), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), and partial spinal cord injury. The exoskeletal orthosis is wheelchair mounted, has two links and four degrees(More)
A motorized upper extremity orthosis based on the passive WREX system is being developed. The orthosis is a 4 dof arm controlled by user residual force inputs. The arm is intended for people with neuromuscular weakness due to muscular dystrophy or spinal muscular atrophy. Previous work determined that actuation in parallel with gravity balancing springs(More)
Spatiotemporal arm and body movements of able-bodied subjects performing nine everyday tasks were recorded for the purpose of guiding the development of an upper-limb orthosis. To provide a user the opportunity to carry out these tasks with natural movements, the orthosis should allow replication of the measured trajectories. We outline the orthosis(More)
The paper describes the development of a passive/active orthosis for people with limited anti-gravity strength in their arms. This is symptomatic of conditions such as muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy. A passive orthosis was designed and developed using linear elastic elements. The system is being tested with children with disabilities and(More)
Designing an upper extremity exoskeleton for people with arm weakness requires knowledge of the joint torques due to gravity and joint stiffness, as well as, active residual force capabilities of users. The objective of this research paper is to describe the characteristics of the upper limb of children with upper limb impairment. This paper describes the(More)
PURPOSE Brace compliance measurement in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been the subject of a few recent studies. Various sensors have been developed to measure compliance. We have developed a temperature-based data logger-the Cricket-specifically for scoliosis braces, with associated custom software, that is embedded directly in the brace. The(More)
The Wilmington Robotic Exoskeleton (WREX) is a passive upper limb orthosis powered by elastic bands, designed to assist children with weakness in their upper limbs. Patient studies with the WREX have determined that an external power source would enhance performance of the system. Two actuation schemes were considered: (i) motors in series with springs at(More)
The diaphragmatic crura are being recognized with increasing frequency on routine sonograms. In a study of 100 random patients the right crus was seen in parasagittal scans in 50% of patients and in transverse scans in approximately 90%. The left crus was not specifically identified on parasagittal scans, but was visible in about 50% of patients on(More)
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