Whitney M. Nolte

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Stressors ranging from nutrient deprivation to immune signaling can induce the degradation of cytoplasmic material by a process known as autophagy. Increasingly, research on autophagy has begun to focus on its role in inflammation and the immune response. Autophagy acts as an immune effector that mediates pathogen clearance. The roles of autophagy bridge(More)
Prolyl endopeptidase (Prep) is a member of the prolyl peptidase family and is of interest because of its unique biochemistry and connections to cognitive function. Using an unbiased mass spectrometry (MS)-based peptidomics platform, we identified Prep-regulated peptides in the central nervous system (CNS) of mice by measuring changes in the peptidome as a(More)
We report that 4-(3-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-2-ethylsulfinyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine (BETP), which behaves as a positive allosteric modulator at the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R), covalently modifies cysteines 347 and 438 in GLP-1R. C347, located in intracellular loop 3 of GLP-1R, is critical to the activity of BETP and a structurally distinct(More)
We have controllably modulated the drain current (I(D)) and threshold voltage (V(T)) in pseudo metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) by grafting a monolayer of molecules atop oxide-free H-passivated silicon surfaces. An electronically controlled series of molecules, from strong pi-electron donors to strong pi-electron acceptors, was(More)
Peptide metabolism is a complex process that involves many proteins working in concert. Mass spectrometry-based global peptide profiling of mice lacking dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) identified endogenous DPP4 substrates and revealed an unrecognized pathway during proline peptide catabolism that interlinks aminopeptidase and DPP4 activities. Together, these(More)
Peptide hormones and neuropeptides have important roles in physiology and therefore the regulation of these bioactive peptides is of great interest. In some cases proteolysis controls the concentrations and signaling of bioactive peptides, and the peptidases that mediate this biochemistry have proven to be extremely successful drug targets. Due to the lack(More)
Pharmacokinetics, Dynamics and Metabolism–New Chemical Entities, Groton, CT (H.E., R.S., T.S.M.) and Cambridge, MA (A.S.K.) Cardiovascular, Metabolic and Endocrine Diseases Medicinal Chemistry, Cambridge, MA (D.J.E., B.D.S., D.A.G., W.M.N., D.A.P.) and Groton (C.L.) Cardiovascular, Metabolic and Endocrine Diseases Research Unit, Cambridge, MA (J.P.F., X.L.,(More)
4-(3-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-2-(ethylsulfinyl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine (BETP) represents a novel small-molecule activator of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R), and exhibits glucose-dependent insulin secretion in rats following i.v. (but not oral) administration. To explore the quantitative pharmacology associated with GLP-1R agonism in(More)
4-(3-(Benzyloxy)phenyl)-2-(ethylsulfinyl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine (BETP) represents a novel small-molecule activator of the glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R), and exhibits glucose-dependent insulin secretion in rats following i.v. (but not oral) administration. To explore the quantitative pharmacology associated with GLP-1R agonism in(More)
The prolyl peptidases are a family of enzymes characterized by a biochemical preference for cleaving proline-containing peptides. The members of this enzyme family include prolyl endopeptidase, prolyl endopeptidase-like, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), DPP7, DPP8, DPP9, and fibroblast activation protein. DPP4 is the best studied member of the family, due to(More)
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