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Manipulation of neurotrophic support is a developing strategy for new therapy aimed at neurodegenerative diseases. This study demonstrates reduced content and retrograde transport of endogenous nerve growth factor (NGF) in sciatic nerve of diabetic rats. There were also reductions in the diabetic rats in NGF protein and mRNA in skin and muscle of the(More)
Diabetic neuropathy typically presents as an insidious symmetrical distal degenerative disease of peripheral nerves. A failure of neurotrophic factors to regulate neuronal phenotype might be expected to result in such a clinical picture. Experimentally, diabetic rats show reduced expression of target-derived nerve growth factor as well as reduced expression(More)
The levels of neurotrophin mRNA in sensory ganglia, sciatic nerve, and skeletal muscle were measured in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat using northern blotting. Periods of diabetes of 4, 6, and 12 weeks significantly elevated brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA levels in soleus muscle compared with age-matched controls, the increase being highest(More)
Rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes of 4 to 6 weeks duration showed a depletion of both substance P (P < 0.01) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (P < 0.01) in the sciatic nerve. Since expression of both peptides is sensitive to nerve growth factor (NGF) in vitro we examined the effect of treatment of diabetic rats with NGF, which significantly(More)
In rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, we measured increased (by 61%; P < 0.05) mRNA for nerve growth factor (NGF) in the iris together with increased (by 82%; P < 0.05) mRNA for preprotachykinin (the substance P precursor) in the trigeminal ganglion, suggesting that increased NGF was driving increased substance P gene expression. In other diabetic(More)
The role of sub-optimal neurotrophic support in the aetiology of the sensory neuron dysfunction associated with diabetic neuropathy was investigated. The status of sciatic nerve neuropeptide content was related to target tissue nerve growth factor messenger RNA levels in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. The levels of substance P and calcitonin gene-related(More)
Endoneurial hypoxia of ischaemic origin is believed to cause the reduction in sciatic nerve substance P levels in experimentally diabetic rats. The first part of this study was designed to determine whether the changes seen extended to another neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and to reveal any correlation between substance P and calcitonin(More)
This study was designed to explore effects of experimental diabetes mellitus on expression of substance P in the trigeminal ganglion and of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the iris. Rats with streptozotocin-diabetes showed an increase in NGF mRNA in the iris (P < 0.01) which was corrected by insulin treatment. There was also an increase in the levels of mRNA(More)