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A novel synthetic triterpenoid, 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO), previously reported to have potent differentiating, antiproliferative, and antiinflammatory activities, has been identified as a ligand for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). CDDO induces adipocytic differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells, although(More)
The new synthetic oleanane triterpenoid 2-cyano-3,12-dioxoolean-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO) is a potent, multifunctional molecule. It induces monocytic differentiation of human myeloid leukemia cells and adipogenic differentiation of mouse 3T3-L1 fibroblasts and enhances the neuronal differentiation of rat PC12 pheochromocytoma cells caused by nerve growth(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 kinase insert domain receptor (VEGFR2/KDR) is critical for angiogenesis, and VEGFR2 mRNA and protein are expressed in ZR-75 breast cancer cells and induced by 17beta-estradiol (E2). Deletion analysis of the VEGFR2 promoter indicates that the proximal GC-rich region is required for both basal and hormone-induced(More)
Apparent full-length cDNA sequences coding for manganese superoxide dismutase (HvMnSOD) and extracellular superoxide dismutase (HvEC-SOD) were isolated from Hydra vulgaris in order to understand their expression and 3D structures; and explore their possibility of being used as for biomarkers for environmental stress and toxicity. The deduced HvMnSOD protein(More)
The mammary gland microenvironment during postlactational involution shares similarities with inflammation, including high matrix metalloproteinase activity, fibrillar collagen deposition, and release of bioactive fragments of fibronectin and laminin. Because inflammation can promote tumorigenesis, we evaluated whether the tissue microenvironment of the(More)
1,1-Bis(3'-indolyl)-1-(p-trifluoromethylphenyl)methane (DIM-C-pPhCF(3)) and several p-substituted phenyl analogues have been investigated as a new class of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists. Structure-activity studies in PPARgamma-dependent transactivation assays in MCF-7 breast cancer cells show that 5-20 micro M(More)
The short splice variant of the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim transcription factor Singleminded-2, SIM2s, has been implicated in development and is frequently lost or reduced in primary breast tumors. Here, we show that loss of Sim2s causes aberrant mouse mammary gland ductal development with features suggestive of malignant transformation, including(More)
Hs578T human breast cancer cells are an oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative cell line. Treatment of these cells with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) resulted in formation of a 6.9 S nuclear aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor complex, which bound to a [32P]dioxin-responsive element in a gel electrophoretic mobility shift assay. However, TCDD does not(More)
Postlactational involution of the mammary gland provides a unique model to study breast cancer susceptibility and metastasis. We have shown that the short isoform of Singleminded-2s (Sim2s), a basic helix loop helix/PAS transcription factor, plays a role in promoting lactogenic differentiation, as well as maintaining mammary epithelial differentiation and(More)