Wesley W. Ludwig

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Identification and use of cell surface cluster of differentiation (CD) biomarkers have enabled much scientific and clinical progress. We identify a CD surface antigen code for the neural lineage based on combinatorial flow cytometric analysis of three distinct populations derived from human embryonic stem cells: (1) CD15(+)/CD29(HI)/CD24(LO) surface antigen(More)
Both fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) and embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived dopamine neurons have been used successfully to correct behavioral responses in animal models of Parkinson's disease. However, grafts derived from fetal VM cells or from ES cells contain multiple cell types, and the majority of these cells are not dopamine neurons. Isolation of ES(More)
Different somatic motor neuron subpopulations show a differential vulnerability to degeneration in diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy and spinobulbar muscular atrophy. Studies in mutant superoxide dismutase 1 over-expressing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis model mice indicate that initiation of disease is intrinsic to(More)
Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) was performed in 12 children and adolescents with renal artery stenosis. Patients were divided into three groups: those with a short stenosis in the middle or distal part of the renal artery (n = 5), those with a short stenosis at or near the origin of the renal artery (n = 3), and those with a long(More)
After robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, total anatomic reconstruction (TR) with the additions of a circumapical urethral dissection, a dynamic detrusor cuff trigonoplasty, and placement of a suprapubic catheter was performed in 49 patients from June to July 2012. Continence at 6 weeks after catheter removal was assessed for an initial group of 23(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the vas deferens during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy can be used to medially retract the iliac vessels and obturator nerve to achieve a dissection plane in the triangle of Marcille free of these structures while performing an extended pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). METHODS In a single patient, an extended PLND was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ureteroscopy (URS) is a common treatment for patients with stone disease. One of the disadvantages of this approach is the great capital expense associated with the purchase and repair of endoscopic equipment. In some cases, these costs can outpace revenues and lead to an unprofitable and unsustainable enterprise. We sought to(More)
There are a significant number of men under 40 who experience erectile dysfunction (ED). In the past, the vast majority of cases were thought to be psychogenic in nature. Studies have identified organic etiologies in 15-72% of men with ED under 40. Organic etiologies include vascular, neurogenic, Peyronie's disease (PD), medication side effects and(More)
With healthcare expenditures in the United States predicted to double in the next decade, there is growing pressure for cost containment [1]. The widespread adoption of robotic surgery has come under increasing scrutiny because of added expense with questionably commensurate patient outcomes [2]. The cost of robotic supplies, including instruments,(More)