Wesley Shrum

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We examine the ways in which the research process differs in developed and developing areas by focusing on two questions: First, is collaboration associated with productivity? Second, is access to the Internet (specifically use of email), associated with reduced problems of collaboration? Recent analyses by Lee and Bozeman (2004) and Walsh and Mahoney(More)
In contrast to recent US studies showing a decrease in core network size, our Kenyan data reveals substantial network growth. We attribute this to the diffusion of mobile telephones. Results from pooled survey data from Nairobi professionals and entrepreneurs in 2002 and 2007 as well as qualitative interviews from 2007 to 2009 show virtual saturation in the(More)
Mobile telephony has diffused more rapidly than any Indian technology in recent memory, yet systematic studies of its impact are rare, focusing on technological rather than social change. We employ network surveys of separate groups of Kerala residents in 2002 and again in 2007 to examine recent shifts in mobile usage patterns and social relationships.(More)
The conventional view depicts scientific communities in the developing world as globally isolated and dependent. Recent studies suggest that individual scientists tend to favor either local or international ties. Yet there are good reasons to believe that both kinds of ties are beneficial for knowledge production. Since they allow for the more efficient(More)
Given the importance of social location to research practice, a particularly compelling problem for social studies of science is how research activities emerge in a new sector. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in less developed countries are initiating research, often in a style of 'alternative' agriculture. I account for this development using concepts(More)
Much of what we know about science and technology in less developed countries comes from international databases such as bibliographies and citation, indices. However, it is not clear if researchers whose work appears in international databases are representative of scientists in the developing world as a whole, or whether they differ in terms of important(More)