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Bacterial infection remains a serious threat to human lives because of emerging resistance to existing antibiotics. Although the scientific community has avidly pursued the discovery of new antibiotics that interact with new targets, these efforts have met with limited success since the early 1960s. Here we report the discovery of platensimycin, a(More)
Eprinomectin (MK-397 or 4"-epi-acetylamino-4"-deoxy-avermectin B1) is a novel avermectin selected for development as a topical endectocide for all cattle, including lactating dairy cows. Herein, we show its anthelmintic, insecticidal and miticidal activity. To determine its anthelmintic capabilities, eprinomectin was tested topically on Jersey calves at(More)
The primitive transmission pattern in the Trematoda is a 1-host pattern in which an aspidocotylean matures in a mollusc. The progeny from the parent aspidocotylean typically disseminate from the mollusc to establish in others, but the possibility that some progeny remain in the same mollusc as did the parent and produce a sequential generation exists. It is(More)
Paraherquamide, an oxindole alkaloid metabolite of Penicillium paraherquei, was tested against the common gastrointestinal nematode species of sheep at 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg, per os. It was highly efficacious (greater than or equal to 98% reduction) as a single oral treatment dosages greater than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg against adult Haemonchus(More)
The avermectins and, to a lesser extent, the milbemycins, have revolutionized antiparasitic and antipest control over the last decade. Both avermectins and milbemycins have macrocyclic lactone structures that are superimposable, they are produced by the same genus of soil dwelling organisms, they have the same mode of action, they exert this action against(More)
Eprinomectin (MK-397 or 4"-epi-acetylamino-4"-deoxy-avermectin B1) is a novel avermectin selected for development as a topical endectocide for all cattle, including lactating cows. The initial efficacy assessments were made in sheep to identify subclasses of the avermectin/milbemycins that possessed inherent activity against a spectrum of nematode(More)
Eprinomectin has been approved for use as a topically applied endectocide for beef and dairy cattle. To determine if eprinomectin has utility as an injectable anthelmintic, it was titrated at 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg/kg s.c. against adult (Trial 1) and at 0.05, 0.1, 0.14, and 0.2 mg/kg s.c. against immature (Trial 2) stages of lung and gastrointestinal(More)
Natural infections of Alaria marcianae mesocercariae were detected in five amphibian, seven reptilian, and two mammalian species in Louisiana. Alligators were susceptible to experimental infections with mesocercariae. Natural infections were also found in the subcutaneous fat of raccoons and opossums. Examination of three gravid opossums showed a marked(More)
Membranes from both ivermectin-sensitive and -resistant Haemonchus contortus L3 larvae were examined for the presence of high affinity [3H]ivermectin binding sites. Both tissue preparations displayed high affinity drug binding sites (Kd = 0.13 nM). Receptor density (Bmax = 0.4 pmol/mg) was the same in both the sensitive and resistant nematodes suggesting(More)